Lecture 11 Study Notes

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Health Studies
Jason Ramsay

Lecture #11: AIDS Orphans Monday, March 21 2011t Sub-Saharan Africa 12.3 Million children under the age 15 have lost one or both parents to AIDS. Life expectancy in this area has been reduced to 39 years old. Parents may give HIV to their children through lateral transmission (during delivery, through blood, etc.) In Zimbabwe, the AIDS epidemic has been affected by the 70% unemployment rate, 100% or higher annual inflation, no agricultural system anymore (takeover and mismanagement of settler owned farms. 50% increase in mortality for children under 5 The Virus When Growing up is Hard Growing up in sub-saharan Africa is already a difficult proposition There is widespread political strife Lack of adequate medicalprenatal resources Lack of adequate medical resources Lack of nutrition, malaria, disease. Lack of educational resources. Poor and Infected If you are in sub-saharan Africa and infected, your chance of getting drugs is pretty slim. Some govts, notably South Africa were VERY slow to recognize that HIV even needed to be treated. SA refused to accept that ART was important. Other countries denied or under-reported the HIV crisis. www.notesolution.com
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