Summary of Lectures 1 to 10

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Health Studies
Jason Ramsay

*Jackson & Luke* Postman: Disappearance of Childhood - Concept of Child (Middle Ages): Fall of the Roman Empire (protection) to Barbarians Literacy Disappears (social literacy disappearedcraft literacy remained) Pedagogy Declines Shame Disappears Childhood Disappears ( Oral spreads faster so children could learn to talk faster) The Renaissance - Printing Press invented (14- 16 century) : Literature Revolution Have to take time to learn - However children still mini adults - Innis: Time binding- writtenlast Space binding: oral, now Effect of mediatechnology - Alters interests, symbols, nature of community What developed to give rise to childhood? - Private life + entertainment, keeping a diary, a sense that the individual transcended the group, a division btw those who cud read and those who cudnt, knowledge became organized, skooling was a necessity and therefore childhood a necessity A new science of childhood - Rousseau: Children have innate pure characteristics that need to be preserved - Locke: Children = Tabula Rasa: Blank states that must be educated to be civilizedsurvive - Freud: Little devils that must balance innate purity with societys demands - Piaget: Little Scientists that must develop mental structures to cognize about the world Stages of Cognitive development - Modern concept of childhood only 150 years Globalization - Industrial society information based society - Internet revolution like literacy revolution: again have access to same things as adults because of the democratization of information - The lower end of the info revolution child labour widespread. In countries with decreased globalization like living in middle ages. India doing better because of eduation = cognitive capacity - Barriers that are responsible for establishing childhood breaking down because of entire markets being target at young people ($). Kids grow up faster but mature slower - Concept of childhood varies by culture Piaget ConstructivistLittle though-sacksScientist in the cribHypothesis Testing - Basic Process of development: Organization and Adaptation
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