Reading: Early child development: A powerful equalizer (pg. 26-45)

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Health Studies
Jason Ramsay

Irwin, L.G., Siddiqi, A., & Hertzman, C. (2007). Early child development: A powerful equalizer. World Health Organization Commission on the Social Determinants of Health (DOWNLOAD FROM THE COURSE PAGE ON THE INTRANET) Read pages 26-45. The core features of residential communities that have been identified as being important for ECD include the socioeconomic, physical, and service environments o High levels of SES associated with better school readiness and school achievements in young children o Children of low SES who live in economically mixed neighbourhoods do better than children living poor neighbourhoods Therefore, governments should enforce policies for economically-mixed neighbourhoods. The relational community is a primary influence on how children and families identify themselves and others, and how outsiders identify children; therefore, it is a primary source of social inclusion and exclusion, sense of self and self-worth, self-esteem, and gender socialization. o social capital or collective efficacy, have been shown to be nurturant for children and their families, both in the context of urban neighbourhoods in resource-rich nations and in the village context in resource-poor nations Early Childhood Development (ECD) programmes foster
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