Anderson Reading-Effectiveness of ECD programs

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Health Studies
Jason Ramsay

Andersen et al- Effectiveness of Early Childhood Development Programs Abstract- Physical health, cognition, language and social and emotional development underpin school readiness ECD programs are a community resource that promotes wellbeing of young children Example of such a program: head start- closes the gap in readiness to learn bw poor children and rich kids. Look at assessment of effectiveness of these programs in increasing rediness and reducing gap bw groups Introduction Critical dimensions of child development are self regulation, establishment of early relationships, knowledge acuqisiton, skill building In the United States, where the rate of child poverty is substantially higher than that of most other major Western industrialized nations,11 children are almost twice as likely as any other age group to live in poverty Low family income and community poverty lead to racial and ethnic achievement gaps. A recent U.S. Department of Education study shows, for example, that 71% of white children entering kindergarten could recognize letters, compared with 57% of African American Head Start a national preschool program catered to disadvantaged backgrounds to bring about better social competence. Has 5 objectives- to enhance childrens growth and devpt, strengthen families, provide children with educational health and nutritional services, link families
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