HLTB10 2011 Exam notes 1.doc

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Health Studies
Joseph Bryant

1HLTB10 2011 Exam notesChapter 1 General Research orientations Theory is an explanation of observed regularities or patternsDefinitions key terms operational definitions Descriptions of the phenomena of interestRelational statements connects two or more variables there are two types deterministic which means the two variables go together all of the timeand probabilisitic which means the two variables go together with some degree of regularityfinding a case that does not fit the pattern does not lead to a rejection Deduction starts by coming up with a theory that seeks to explain a particular phenomenon and then deduces specific hypotheses from it that are tested with empirical data Inductive research theory is the outcome of research gathering and examining data relevant to the phenomenon being investigatedwhen this method is used data are gathered not to test a theory but to come up with the information needed to construct a theory Positivism an epistemological position that affirms the importance of following the natural sciences is positivism and entails only phenomena and regularities confirmed by the senses such as sight and hearing key purpose is to generate hypothesis that can be tested and thereby allow explanations objectivity it is not although synonymous with scienceInterpretivism grew to some extent out of the critique of positivismmaintain that the role of social scientist to grasp the subjective meanings of peoples actions so in essence providing an interpretation of others interpretationsQuantitative research most basic distinction is that is involves the use of numbersemploy more formaland mathematical measurement and analysis techniques than qualitative researchers usually entails a deductive approachin which theory testing is the prime objectivepractices and norms of a natural science model deductive epsitomological orientation is positivism ontological orientation is objectivismQualitative research inductive approach generation of theories and interpretations is considered the main goal rejects use the use ofthe natural science and positivist models role of research is mainly inductiveepistemological orientation is interpretivism ontological orientation is constructionism Research Questions states the purpose of the study in the form of a questionChapter 2 Research Design a variable is simply a characteristic or attribute that varies such as gender income fondness there are three measurements of variables reliability replicability and validity
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