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IDSA01H3 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: United Nations General Assembly, International Humanitarian Law, Non-Governmental Organization


Department
International Development Studies
Course Code
IDSA01H3
Professor
Leslie Chan
Study Guide
Midterm

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International Development Studies
Glossary Terms
1. Core Humanitarian Principles
The International Red cross and Red Crescent movement follows principles that earn them
respect as well as reflects what they are responsible and accountable for by the community.
Humanitarian Assistance must be provided, abiding by the following 4 principles (as per the UN
general Assembly on December 19, 1991):
A. Humanity
There is only one national society in any given country so that they are open to all, and avoid
the temptation of helping only one group. They have to address any kind of human suffering
wherever its found, starting with those needs that are most urgent. This principle is in place to
respect and protect the rights of victims.
B. Independence
The movement has to be independent, so as not to get influenced by public opinion or political
pressure. The humanitarian organizations must also create their own policies which are
independent from any type of governmental policy or action.
C. Impartiality
Impartiality refers to trying to help everyone in need starting with those whose needs are most
urgent. Impartial assistance must not be discriminating on the base of race, religion, political
persuasion, social status, gender, ethnic origin etc.
D. Neutrality
Humanitarian assistance must be provided without taking otroersial sides. It’s eers
should have access to everyone in need.
2. Humanitarian Assistance
Aid that seeks, to save lives and remove suffering of any crisis affected population.
Humanitarian assistance must be provided in accordance with 4 humanitarian principles;
humanity, impartiality, neutrality, and independence. Assistance is divided into three categories
- direct assistance, indirect assistance and infrastructure support.
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