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IDSA01H3 Study Guide - Final Guide: Canadian International Development Agency, Niall Ferguson, Civil Society

International Development Studies
Course Code
Leslie Chan
Study Guide

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Week 2
What is theory?
- To predict/explain & approve or disapprove with evidence
- Reduces complexity so we can understand a topic better
Modernization Theory
- Began within the 40’s & 60’s
- Post WW2
- Development required the transition from traditional to modern societies
- Traditional: Agriculture production, primitive, low technology, based on
religious beleifs
- Modern Technology: Industrial, high technology & national identity
- Modernization required a process of stages or steps
- Rostow’s 5 Stages: Traditional Society > Pre-Take off (Investment) > Take
off (High mass consumption) > All states will go through these stages
GINI Co-efficient
- The closer to 100 the more inequitable a region is
- And further from 100 makes it equitable.
“Another World is not only possible, she is on her way on a quiet day, I can hear
her breathing” Search up
Global North: Political power, strong countries of the north (Europe, Americas
Global South: Colonialized countries and countries that are basically living
within more poverty
Development is progress:
Discourse: A word that can be represented by a picture
Tutorial 1 (Week 3)
Social Construct: People have created a meaning and the meaning is changing
depending on who created and interpreted it.
For example: Marriage used to be between man and wife and now it is
changing, you see men marrying men, women marrying women etc…
- Social media changes the way we perceive development
- Modernization theory*

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- Midterms are mainly based on tutorials
Arab Springs Article:
Bringing democracy into the Arab world, talking through European points of view.
Democracy should be brought to them. Author is critical towards Europe opinions.
Arab world needs time to develop. The citizens need to participate; it can only be
done from the bottom up, not something that the government will introduce.
(Political science interests)
- What is arab springs?
- Civic participation
- Simple to read based on background research and concepts
CIDA (Canadian International Development Agency)
- Development aid isn’t really helping
- Explains how they used to be very powerful, but there has been a big global
power shift, they are now diminishing
- Critical towards who is really getting aid, and about the actual agency, what
are the results? , What’s really going on behind the scenes?
- Agree with CIDA being bad or disagree (Bring in evidence of both sides, and
justify your claims)
- Recommended for IDS Students, concerned with development
Darfur Article
- About genocide in darfur, a region in Sudan.
- The issue is between ethnic and religious groups
- Government is supporting Muslims and killing the rest of the people
- Issue is based on the colonial roots
- Needs to be more international intervention
- Media is getting tired, people aren’t talking about it anymore. Why did the
media stop? We need more action to be done.
- Recommended to someone interested in history/political science
Niger Delta Oil Spill
- Shell’s pipeline burst and spilled into the rivers ruining people’s livelihood
- People in the area used the river to sustain themselves
- Shell offered to pay the people off but they refused because the people don’t
believe it is fair. The government believes that Shell should clean the spill
before giving out money compensation
- Author is critical towards Shell (Maybe a bit too supportive towards the
people? He isn’t looking at both sides of the issue)
Haiti (Earthquake)
- Followed the story of a man giving money to a particular family in Haiti
- He is Canadian and helping a little girl who survived
- Explains how the rich stay rich and poor stay poor, unequal development
- Rich live lofty lives while the poor are still living in destruction
- Balanced view not bias to one side or the other

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Week 3
Key players/actors in international development
- World Trade Organization
- United Nations
- Green Peace
- War Child
- Doctors without borders
- World Vision
- Multi lateral and bilateral agencies
- Multination corporations
- Foundations (Roca fella foundation etc…) Affiliated with rich and powerful
people. Using their money they made from their businesses
- Think Tanks (Experts in certain fields come together and face issues)
- CSO (Civil society organization)
- National Development Agency
- International NGO’s
- Local Clinic
- Philanthropic Org. (Bill Gates Foundation)
- International Development Agency
United Nations Systems:
- Sometimes organizations like such don’t do as much help
World Economic Forum:
- Powerful non-government institutions
- Not comprised of NGO’s
- Not accountable to government systems or citizens
What guides the actions of development actors?
- Publicity
- Alternative interests (Use it as a way to get into the market, corporate or
personal gain)
- Give aid to a country and they’re in debt to you
- Tied Aid: Aid given for a specific purpose, the recipient country has to do
what the contributing country specifies (Strategic and political interests built
into these)
Good Governance:
- Giving aid to help the country
- Having equal laws for everybody
- You can’t invest money unless there are rules of law
- Rather than giving money and not knowing where it goes
Development as the provision of public goods
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