IDSA01H3 Study Guide - Final Guide: President Of The United States, Humanitarian Intervention, Human Security

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IDSA01 Glossary – Set 2
Colonialism: the establishment of a colony in one territory by a political power from another territory, whom
also maintains, expands, and exploits that colony.
Class of civilizations: proposed by political scientist: Samuel P. Huntington in 1992, the clash of civilizations is a
hypothesis that people’s cultural and religious identities will be the primary source of conflict in the post-Cold
War world.
Discourse: based on what Postcolonial theorists base it on is that of talk, text, symbols, and signs.
Four freedoms: goals articulated by United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1941 on the basis of the
freedom of speech and worship, and the freedom from want and fear.
Genocide: the deliberate killing of a large group of a particular ethnic group or nation.
Human security: the combination of threats associated with war, genocide, and the displacement of
populations; freedom from violence and the fear of violence.
Human security index: characterizes the security of an individual or group at home, in one’s village, country,
and the Earth. It is used to assure priority freedoms to that people can exercise choices safely and freely.
Humanitarian intervention: state’s use of military force against another state when the chief publicly declared
aim of that military action is ending human-rights violations being perpetrated by the state against which it is
directed.
Imperialism: a policy of extending a country’s power and influence through diplomacy or military force.
Neo-colonialism: the geopolitical practice of using capitalism, business globalization, and cultural imperialism
to influence a country via direct military control.
Orientalism: way of seeing that imagines, emphasizes, exaggerates and distorts differences of Arab peoples
and cultures as compared to that of Europe and the U.S. It involves seeing Arab culture as exotic, backward,
uncivilized, and dangerous.
“New” wars: wars fought by varying combinations of state and non-state networks.
Post-colonialism: the cultural legacy of colonialism and imperialism. Post colonialism speaks about the human
consequences of external control and economic exploitation of a native people and its lands.
Responsibility to Protect (R2P): global political commitment endorsed by all member states of the UN at the
1005 World Summit to prevent genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity.
Subaltern: populations that are socially, politically and geographically outside of the hegemonic power
structure of the colonial homeland.
Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948): a common standard od achievements for all peoples and
nations regarding the rights of all human beings are born free and equal; that everyone has the right to life,
liberty and security; that no one shall be held in slavery or servitude etc.
White man’s burden: A poem written by Rudyard Kipling in 1899 – based on bringing the blessings of
civilization and progress to barbaric non-Western, non-Christian, non-white peoples.
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