IDSB04H3 Study Guide - User Fee, Free Trade, Global Health


Department
International Development Studies
Course Code
IDSB04H3
Professor
Anne- Emanuelle Birn

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Globalization, Trade, work and Health
Angles on Health and Globalization P. 418
"free" trade and financial liberalization: Privatization and deregulation
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Debt crises and imposed conditionalities of IFIs to abandon welfare state
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Environmental damage
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Restructuring of labour processes
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Amplify trade relationship across borders
To bring in fast income of cash
Creation of free trade zones
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Occupational (work-related) health and disease
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The impact on health of neoliberal globalization
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Spread of infectious disease (eg. SARS,HIV,TB, West Nile)
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Spread of political, social and cultural condition that underpin health and disease (eg. mental
illness, diabetes)
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Health problems also understood as manifestation of globalization
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What are the differences btw global health and international health****
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International health reshape as "global health"
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Globalization: did it all start at the U of T?
"oracle of electronic Age"
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Best known book: the Medium is the massage
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Coined the term "global village" -- a world made smaller and more integrated by mass communication;
electronic media; cultural interconnectedness
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How electronic can affect society
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Marshall McLuhan (1911-1980), professor of English, Director of Centre for Culture and Technology
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Globalization defined P. 418
Any system of transcontinental trade and travel
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Integration of local/national economies into global market
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Communications accelerated: Transport, electronic media
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International flow of capital, labour, knowledge
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Cultural importation/ invasion. Hegemoney
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Neoliberal globalization p. 420-1
Reduction of subsides for the poor
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Cost recovery/ user fee for essential services
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Privatization of public assets
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Weakened role of government
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Growing dominance of Western based transnational capital
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Create a large market for buying uniform + firearm
Being able to obtain oil
High military expenditures
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Promotion of "free markets" / removal of trade barriers, resulting in:
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Political order dominated by the logic of the market
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What's old/ongoing and what's new in globalization p. 419
Lecture 7
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Ch 9
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Globalization, trade, work, and health
October-26-10
1:17 PM
Lecture Page 1
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What's old/ongoing and what's new in globalization p. 419
Promotion of free trade 17th-18th c.
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Appalling factory conditions 19th c.
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Communications/transportation revolution 19th c.
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Transnationalism (colonialism)
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"cocacolisation" (cultural and corporate
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Old/ongoing
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Internationalization of finance (mostly speculative)
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Rate of increase in social inequalities
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New
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Understanding Globalization P. 418-421
Who control the flow of capital, labour and knowledge around the world
Who benefits from it
Depends on
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Not inherently "good" or "bad"
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Neoliberal globalization, however, has proven highly problematic
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Pathways p. 426
Globalization influences health and generates health inequities through five major pathways
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Trade liberalization and the world trade regime1.Global reorganization of production and labour market2.Debt crisis and structural adjustment and developing country economies3.Environmental damage4.Financial liberalizaiton 5.
The world trade organization: making the world safer for capitalism P. 420-423
Administers trade agreement and negotiations
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Monitors and enforces trade policies
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Resolves disputes internally, appeal panel decisions binding
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Founded in 1995 as permanent suprabody to replace GATT
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Eliminating import tariffs
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Lowering subsidies
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Uniformed across society
Homogenizing rules and trade concession
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Promotes "laissez-faire" free trade, open markets, global competition and "non-discrimination"
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WTO, continued
Governs over 90% of global trade
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Oversees member countries implementation of actions to lower customs tariffs and other trade barriers
(also known as protectionism)
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Includes trade and environment ...
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Expands GATT's mandate by covering intellectual property and services as well as goods
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WTO assessed p. 422-423
Over 4% growth rate in developing countries in 2003
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Could reduce poverty by as much as 144 million people?
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Proponent (such as WB) claim success:
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Undemocratic, unelected international and authority
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Enormous lose to local industries and jobs
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Favors multinational corporations over human live
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Challenges overrules national laws, regulations, political processes
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Opponent (such as unions) decry process and outcomes
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P 428
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Lecture Page 2
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