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LINA01H3 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Continuant, Phonetic Transcription, Study GuideExam

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- NOTE: For the bolded terms in some questions, I tried to give alternative words he may use for
that question instead. Try answering each question by subbing in the bolded term for the other
terms listed in the square brackets.
I True/False: Please indicate whether the following statements are “true” or “False” by circling
your response (10 pts)
1. When we speak, we don’t pronounce phonemes, rather we pronounce allophones
2. The “Wug test” examined children’s morphological skills
a. [phonetic/phonological/syntactical]
3. Affricates require a sealed constriction in the oral tract
a. [nasal]
4. Fricatives require a raised velum.
a. [lowered]
5. Schwas occur in stressed syllables
a. [unstressed]
6. Canadian raising occurs only before voiceless stops
a. [voiced]
7. Whether any two particular segments contrast with each other is not universal to all
8. The word pumpkin ends with an inflectional suffix
9. Phonology is the study of the mental reality of speech sounds
10. Nasal stops are obstruents
a. [sonorants/continuants/non-continuants]
II. Multiple Choice. Circle the correct answer. There is only one correct answer per question (10
11. Which sound can be produced with a lowered velum?
a. [m]
b. [i]
c. [b]
d. [t]
12. Which sound cannot be produced with abducted vocal folds?
a. [ej]
b. [r]
c. [l]
d. [b]
e. [s]
13. Four of the following five sounds share a phonetic characteristic: [w], [l], [r], [z] and [j].
Identify the distinctive characteristic
a. Obstruents
b. Sonorants
c. Fricatives
d. Affricates
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