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lecture note


Department
Linguistics
Course Code
LINA01H3
Professor
Chandan Narayan

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Lecture #2- Sept 22
Phonetics- having the property of sound
-scientific study of speech sounds
-major areas of phonetics:
-articulatory phonetics: production of speech sounds
Acoustic phonetics: physical properties of speech sounds (not covered in this course)
Auditory phonetics: how sounds are heard and perceived (not covered in this course)
Speech and Segments
Native speakers of English can:
-identify the beginning sound of ban as the same as the beginning sound of bun brick’,
etc.
-identify the ending sound of ban as the same as the ending sound of ton, thin, etc.
- how do we know that we have speech segments? We know that as a rule because we are
English native speakers.
-evidence of segments from speech errors
-slips of the tongue/spoonerisms
-you have hissed my mystery lecture
-segments as planning units in speech production
-spelling doesnt help with segments. Were working with how out mouth moves.
We hear things that are not there.
Acoustic signals do not come with segment boundaries.
-you cannot really isolate b from a or n from a in the continuous acoustic signal
The articulatory gestures for different segments are typically produced with a significant
amount of overlap.
-while your mouth is closed for b your tongue is already in position for a. Compare
with bean
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