LINA01H3 Study Guide - Final Guide: Luganda, Bantu Languages, Front Vowel

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22 Dec 2015

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Look at p. 292-295 of the textbook: southern kongo (spoken in angola) (adapted from the textbook p. 300, exercise 5) In southern kongo, a bantu language spoken in angola, the nonpalatal segments [t, s, z] are in complementary distribution with their palatal counterparts [t , , ], respectively, as shown in the following words: [ ima] (a) state the generalization of where each pair of segments occurs (i. e. [t] appears) Note: this is different than just listing the environments (although you will most likely need to list the environments in able to do this exercise). /t/, /s/, /z/ because they are the elsewhere (default) case and they have a wider distribution. (c) provide one, single phonological rule that will account for all three allophonic variations. For the purposes of this problem, consider [t ] a alveo-palatal fricative, and use features in your rule. Alveolar obstruents become alveopalatal before a high front vowel [i].

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