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LINA02H3 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: First Language, Epenthesis, Markedness

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Chandan Narayan
Study Guide

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Bilingualism and L2
Why is bilingualism difficult to study?
Bilingualism is hard to study because no one case is the same. All children learn at
different rates and in different situations.
Bilingualism myths
Do not speak to a baby in two languages. Chose one or the baby will be confused.
Children can definitely pick up two languages
Children that learn two languages will be behind their peers
Bilingual children actually score higher than monolingual children on certain tests
Bilingual acquisition vs 1st language acquisition: similarities/differences
Both bilingual and monolingual babies hit most of the same milestones at the same
time: i.e. babbling, first words, overall rate of vocabulary.
Their morpho-syntactic development is about the same as well, in the dominant
language of the bilingual.
Vocabulary size
Both l1 and bilingual children have the same size of vocabulary but in the case of
the bilingual child, it is split between the two languages. They have the same
amount of words however.
Delays in bilingual children’s adaptation of some phonological features
Bilingual children need to acquire skills of managing two languages
When to use it, for example.
The dominant language of the bilingual child may affect the secondary language.
Example, word order
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