*Challenging MC along with Exemplary Final Section!* This set of questions includes: multiple choice, and questions that very much resemble those on the FINAL - LINA01

4 Pages
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Department
Linguistics
Course Code
LINA01H3
Professor
Chandan Narayan

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LINA01 FINAL EXAM (CUMULATIVE) PRACTICE QUESTIONS PART I: 1. Which of the following is FALSE? a) Prepositional phrases must always contain a complement. b) Prepositional phrases must always have a complement that is a NP. c) Prepositional phrases are one type of phrase d) The head of the prepositional phrase is usually the daughter of a N-bar. e) Two of the above 2. Select the FALSE statement: a) Determiners serve as the specifiers of Nouns b) Preverbial Adverbs serve as the specifiers of Verbs. c) Degree words serve as the specifiers of Adjectives only. d) Degree words serve as the specifiers of Adjectives and Prepositions. e) None of the above. 3. Which statement is TRUE regarding the Substitution test? a) The substitution test states that a group of words is a sentence if you can substitute words such as they, there, or do so, and still be grammatical. b) The word used as a substitute tells you the type of phrase. c) A noun phrase can be substituted with another noun, but not a pronoun d) Two of the above c) None of the above 4. Movement test... a) states that a group of words is a phrase if it can be moved to another position in the sentence and still be grammatical. b) states that a group of words is a sentence if it can be moved to another position in the sentence and still be grammatical. c) states that a group of words is a sentence if it can be moved to another position in the sentence d) is one of the tests used to determine whether a group of words is a phrase. e) two of the above 5. Tree diagrams: a) all have an XP, X' and X, where the head is X, specifier and complement are attached to XP. b) all have an XP, X' and X, where the head is X, the specifier is attached to the XP level, and the complement is attached at the X' level. c) all have an XP, X' and X, where the head (X) is a daughter of X', the complement is a daughter to X' and sister of the head, and specifier is the daughter of XP and sister of X'. d) None of the above 6. Merge... a) is a rule contained within the computational system of the grammar. b) is responsible for building the phrase structure in a manner compatible with the X' schema. c) combines words together to make phrases, phrases to make sentences, and sentences to make complementary clauses. d) all but one of the above is consistent with the aspects of Merge e) None of the above aspects are consistent with Merge 7. Move... a) is a rule contained within the computational system of the grammar. b) transports elements from one position in a sentence to another c) eliminates a part of the sentence d) for the move operation to occur, every IP must be found within a larger CP e) all but one of the above is consistent with the aspects of Move 8. Trace... a) given the symbol (t) b) records that a movement has occurred c) records where in the structure the merged element originated d) leaving a trace is necessary, because Move can change the structure that Merge builds e) two of the above are consistent with the aspects of Trace 9. What structure is formed after applying the Move operation? a) SS-structure b) Surface structure c) Shallow structure d) Deep structure e) Two of the above may denote what structure is formed. 10. Which of the following concerning morphology is FALSE? a) Affixes are different types of free morphemes b) The root is the core of the word; it is that portion of the word which contains all of the word's meaning. c) A base is any form to which an affix is added. d) Allomorphs are predictable variants of a morphine. e) All but one is false. 11. A morpheme... a) carries information about meaning of function b) along with the other morphemes that comprise of a word should contribute to the overall meaninig of that word. c) is the same as a syllable. d) are affected by changes in pronounciation or spelling that occur when words are built (ex. scare + -er = scarier; now the root is scari) e) all but two are true. 12. How many morphemes does the word pickpocket have? a) 1 b) 2 c) 3 d) 4 e) none 13. What is the root for the word antidisestablishmentarianism? a) establish b) establishment c) antidisestablish
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