Chapter 8.docx

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Department
Linguistics
Course
LINA02H3
Professor
Vedran
Semester
Winter

Description
Chapter 8The classification of languagesmutual intelligibilitydetermines whether it is a different dialect of one language or two different languages o dialect of the same language eg American English British English o two different languages eg ChineseCantonese vs Mandarinmost languages have less than 10 000 speakers many are at the risk of extinction60 Latin evolved into French Spanish Italian etc Romance languagetotal of 6909 languagesmost in Asiaa language is lost every 14 daysworlds mostspoken languages 1 Mandarin 2 Spanish 3 Englishthe loss of linguistic diversity means that we have much less information about how language works and about the different forms that it can takeloss of cultural knowledge as it encodes a communitys cultural and scientific knowledge o how do languages diethe people who speak them perish war diseasespeakers use them less and lesssmaller language communities are not as well
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