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Appendix Notes .docx


Department
Management (MGH)
Course Code
MGHB02H3
Professor
Anna Nagy

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MGTB27
Appendix: Research in Organizational Behaviour
Independent Variable: the variable that predicts or is the cause of variation in a dependent variable
Dependent Variable: the variable that is expected to vary as a result of changes to the independent
variable
Moderating Variable: a variable that affects the nature of the relationship between an independent a a
dependent variable such that the relationship depends on the level of the moderating variable
Mediating Variable: a variable that intervenes or explains the relationship between an independent and
a dependent variable
Measurement of Variables
Reliability: an index of the consistency of a research subject’s responses
Validity: an index of the extent to which a measure truly reflects what it is supposed to measure
Convergent validity: where there is a strong relationship between different measures of the same
variable
Discriminant validity: when there is a weak relationship between measures of different variables
Observational Research: research that examines the natural activities of people in an organizational
setting by listening to what they say and watching what they do
Systematic and objective
Case study summarized the outcome of OB
Participant Observation: researcher becomes a functioning member of the organizational unity being
studied
Potential of secrecy
Make a conscious bet that the advantage of participation outweigh objective
Direct Observation: researcher observes OB without taking part in the studied activity
New person might disrupt the environment
Job might require training
Correlational Research: research that attempts to measure variables precisely and examine
relationships among these variable without introducing change into the research setting
For more precision of measurement and greater control
Survey: the use of questionnaires to gather data from participants, who answer questions on the
relevant variables
Interview: a technique in which the researcher asks respondent a series of questions to gather data on
the variables of interest
Existing Data: data that is obtained from organizational records, such as productivity, absence, and
demographic information
Variables:
Employees’ perception
Job satisfaction
Reports of autonomy
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