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6 Pages
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Department
Management (MGH)
Course Code
MGHB02H3
Professor
john

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CHAPTER 2- PERSONALITY AND LEARNING
What Is Personality?
The relatively stable set of psychological characteristics that influences the way
people interact with their environment & how they feel, think, & behave.
Where does it come from? Dimensions & traits determined by genetic predisposition
& ones long-term learning history.
People have a variety of personality characteristics.
Personality & Organizational Behaviour
Personality has a long history in OB
Initially believed that personality was an important factor in many areas of
organizational behaviour, including motivation, attitudes, performance, and
leadership
The role of personality in OB has often been debated in what is known as the
person-situation debate
This has led to three approaches:
The dispositional approach individuals possess stable traits or
characteristics that influence their attitudes and behaviours
The situational approach characteristics of the organizational setting, such
as rewards and punishment, influence peoples feelings, attitudes, and
behaviour
The interactionist approach OB is a function of both dispositions and the
situation ie to predict and understand OB, one must know something about
an individuals personality and the setting in which he/she works
Five-Factor Model of Personality
Five basic but general dimensions that describe personality:
www.notesolution.com
Openess to experience not related to job satisfaction
Each Big Five dimensions is related to job performance (Conscientiousness
strongest).
Big Five related to work motivation, job satisfaction, & life satisfaction; predict job
search & career success & related to vocational interests & preferences.
Other Personality Variables
Locus of Control- a set of beliefs about whether ones behaviour is controlled mainly
by internal (themselves) or external forces (luck, fate..)
Self-Monitoringthe extend to which people observe and regulate how they appear
and behave in social settings and relationships. High self monitoring act
according to social surroundings; low self monitoring say/do what they want
Self-Esteem the degree to which a person has a positive evaluation
Behavioural plasticity theory: people w/ low self esteem tend to be more
susceptible to external and social influences than those who have high self
esteem
Positive affectivity propensity to view the world, including oneself and other
people, in a positive light
Negative affectivity—propensity to view the world, including oneself and other
people, in a negative light
www.notesolution.com

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Description
CHAPTER 2- PERSONALITY AND LEARNING What Is Personality? The relatively stable set of psychological characteristics that influences the way people interact with their environment & how they feel, think, & behave. Where does it come from? Dimensions & traits determined by genetic predisposition & ones long-term learning history. People have a variety of personality characteristics. Personality & Organizational Behaviour Personality has a long history in OB Initially believed that personality was an important factor in many areas of organizational behaviour, including motivation, attitudes, performance, and leadership The role of personality in OB has often been debated in what is known as the person-situation debate This has led to three approaches: The dispositional approach individuals possess stable traits or characteristics that influence their attitudes and behaviours The situational approach characteristics of the organizational setting, such as rewards and punishment, influence peoples feelings, attitudes, and behaviour The interactionist approach OB is a function of both dispositions and the situation ie to predict and understand OB, one must know something about an individuals personality and the setting in which heshe works Five-Factor Model of Personality Five basic but general dimensions that describe personality: www.notesolution.com
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