Path-goal theory of leadership
-The contingency of the theory specify some of the circumstances in
which each of the behaviours is likely to be effective or ineffective.
-The essence of the theory is for leader to be effective engage in
behaviour that complement subordinates environment and abilities in
a manner that compensates for deficiencies and is instrumental to
subordinate satisfaction and work unit performance.
-Path goal theory concerns relationship between formally appointed
superior and subordinates. How superior affect the motivation and
satisfaction of subordinate.
-A theory of task and person oriented supervisory behaviour.
-individual will be effective if they complement the environment
(ensure subordinate can attain work goals so they will experience
intrinsic satisfaction and receive rewards)
Independent variables: leader behaviour
-2 general classes of leader behaviour: path-goal behavior and behavior
directed toward satisfying subordinates needs.
-House and Mitchell defined 4 kinds of behaviours:
1.directive path-goal clarifying leader behaviour
-behaviour directed toward providing psychological structure for
-Reduce subordinate role ambiguity, clarify follower perception
concerning the degree to which their effort would result in successful
performance (goal attainment), and the degree to which performance
would be extrinsically rewarded with recognition by the leader through
pay, advancement, job security.
2.supportive leader behaviour
-behaviour directed toward the satisfaction of subordinates needs
-create a friendly and psychologically supportive work environment
-supportive leader is a source of self confidence, social satisfaction,
stress reduction and alleviation of frustration for subordinate
-Supportive leader behaviour was expected to increase performance
when behaviour was contingent on goal-directed effort.
3.participative leader behaviour
-Behaviour toward encouragement of subordinate influence on
decision making and work unit operation
-Participative leader was asserted to have 4 effects: