Review #7

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University of Toronto Scarborough
William Seager

PHL A10 - Exercise VII 1. What is the difference between object knowledge, know-how and propositional knowledge? Objects of knowledge that are highly linked to others tend to be placed towards the center of the web. On the other hand, statements that are next to the webs periphery tend to have less interconnection and may suffer more revisions. The problem arises if we try to give a linguistic account of understanding. The knowledge of a definition according to such an account would have to be propositional knowledge. 2. Define necessary and sufficient conditions. Whats the difference between them? A condition A is said to be necessary for a condition B, if (and only if) the falsity (nonexistence non-occurrence) [as the case may be] of A guarantees (or brings about) the falsity (nonexistence non-occurrence) of B. A condition A is said to be sufficient for a condition B, if (and only if) the truth (existence occurrence) [as the case may be] of A guarantees (or brings about) the truth (existence occurrence) of B 3. What are two necessary conditions for knowledge? Two necessary conditions for knowledge are people have the impression that doing philosophy involves lying under a tree staring up at the sky, making deep and mysterious pronouncements off the top of your head that sound very important but are hard to make sense of when one tries to think about them clearly. 4. Explain how the Gettier counterexamples to the
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