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University of Toronto Scarborough
William Seager

I 1. Deduction, Induction and Abduction . Consider these three types of argument. Compare their advantages and disadvantages in the search for knowledge. Do you think that one of them is superior to the others? Why or why not? 2. Aquinass Causal Arguments . The first two ways of Aquinas involve causation. Explain how these arguments work and consider their strengths and weaknesses. Assess their overall success in the task of proving that God exists. 3. The Necessary Being. Aquinas has an argument for the existence of a necessary being, which he identifies with God. Trace out how the argument is supposed to proceed. Carefully explain the concepts involved. Assess the success (or lack thereof) of the argument. 4. Divine Design. What is the structure of Aquinass argument from design? Explain how you think the argument works and consider its strengths and weaknesses. You might also consider the significance of Sobers claim that the argument is abductive rather than analogical. II 1. Evolution and Creation. What is the basic conflict between these two views. Explain how evolution forms an alternative hypothesis to the design hypothesis. What are some of the reasons that Sober considers in favour of evolution? Can you develop criticisms of them? 2. The Problem of Evil. Carefully outline the argument against the existence of God which is based on the existence of evil. What kind of argument is this? How strong do you think it is? Why? Try to give an overall assessment of whether the argument works, defending your assessment with argume
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