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Review #7

2 Pages
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Department
Philosophy
Course Code
PHLA10H3
Professor
William Seager

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PHL A10 - Exercise VII
1. What is the difference between "object knowledge", "know-how" and "propositional knowledge"?
Objects of knowledge that are highly linked to others tend to be placed towards the center of the web. On the
other hand, statements that are next to the web’s periphery tend to have less interconnection and may suffer more
revisions. The problem arises if we try to give a linguistic account of understanding. The knowledge of a
definition according to such an account would have to be propositional knowledge.
2. Define necessary and sufficient conditions. What's the difference between them?
A condition A is said to be necessary for a condition B, if (and only if) the falsity (/nonexistence /non-occurrence)
[as the case may be] of A guarantees (or brings about) the falsity (/nonexistence /non-occurrence) of B. A
condition A is said to be sufficient for a condition B, if (and only if) the truth (/existence /occurrence) [as the case
may be] of A guarantees (or brings about) the truth (/existence /occurrence) of B
3. What are two necessary conditions for knowledge?
Two necessary conditions for knowledge are peopl e have the impression that doing philosophy involves lying
under a tree staring up at the sky, making deep and mysterious pronouncements off the top of your head that
sound very important but are hard to make sense of when one tries to think about them clearly.
4. Explain how the 'Gettier counterexamples' to the JTB theory of knowledge work.
The Justified True Belief model accounts for the nature of knowledge as a finite set of statements or rules used to
discern between what is and what isnt propositional knowledge. According to the JTB, S can claim propositional
knowledge of P if and only if: P is true, S believes that P, and S is justified in believing that P, which is Gettier
counterexample.
5. Explain the point of the example of Euclid's parallel postulate.
The example of Euclid’s parallel postulate is having the impression that doingmysterious pronouncements off the
top of your head that sound very important but are hard to make sense of when one tries to think about them
clearly.
6. Define indubitability and incorrigibility.
Indubitability is elaboration and explanation. Philosophical statements are not objective truths, but are subjective
by nature. Science is only a portion of humanitys subjective knowledgestatements are not objective truths, but
are subjective by nature. Science is only a portion of humanity’s subjective knowledge that is proved objectively.
7. What epistemological reason does Descartes have to prove the existence of God?
The epistemological reason Descartes uses to prove the existence of God elaboration and explanation.
Philosophical statements are not objective truths, but are subjective by nature. Science is only a portion of
humanity’s subjective knowledge that is proved objectively.
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Description
PHL A10 - Exercise VII 1. What is the difference between object knowledge, know-how and propositional knowledge? Objects of knowledge that are highly linked to others tend to be placed towards the center of the web. On the other hand, statements that are next to the webs periphery tend to have less interconnection and may suffer more revisions. The problem arises if we try to give a linguistic account of understanding. The knowledge of a definition according to such an account would have to be propositional knowledge. 2. Define necessary and sufficient conditions. Whats the difference between them? A condition A is said to be necessary for a condition B, if (and only if) the falsity (nonexistence non-occurrence) [as the case may be] of A guarantees (or brings about) the falsity (nonexistence non-occurrence) of B. A condition A is said to be sufficient for a condition B, if (and only if) the truth (existence occurrence) [as the case may be] of A guarantees (or brings about) the truth (existence occurrence) of B 3. What are two necessary conditions for knowledge? Two necessary conditions for knowledge are people have the impression that doing philosophy involves lying under a tree staring up at the sky, making deep and mysterious pronouncements off the top of your head that sound very important but are hard to make sense of when one tries to think about them clearly. 4. Explain how the Gettier counterexamples to the
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