Definitions

32 views3 pages
Published on 19 Apr 2011
School
UTSC
Department
Philosophy
Course
PHLB09H3
PHLB09 Definitions for Exam
Experiential Harms = you have to experience in order to be harmed. Its something that
interferes with experiential interests
Meaningfulness Harms = can harm your goals and plans even if you dont exist to
experience them and even without your knowledge. Its something that interferes with
meaningful interest. Ex: spreading lies, cheating on you, setting your work on fire
Passive = what we experience, ex: medical conditions, accidents. Its subjected to e-harms
(experiential)
Active = what we plan to do, ex: goal, aspirations, duties. Its not subjected to e-harms,
rather m-harms (meaningful)
Experiential interests = Subjective, could be autonomous or non autonomous, it depends
the passive side of your life.
Meaningfulness interests = Objective, connected with autonomy - the active side of your
life.
Suicide = the act of intentionally killing yourself which means active side (goal oriented,
intentional, planned, meaningful) of your life destroys passive side (not intentional,
unplanned, experiential). Reasons for suicide are due to misery, pain, depression and lack
of meaningfulness. Suicide can be emotional and unplanned; can be an act of madness, but
often its very seriously undertaken decision, rational, well planned out.
Categorical Imperative (Kant) = Act in such a way that you always treat others as an end in
themselves, never as a mere means. Never treat someone as an object, rather as a subject
by not violating their autonomy. This deals with active side of your life by rejecting the
natural inclinations we are born with and rejecting doing whatever feels good.
Natural Law Ethics = Aquinas, nature based theology
Deontology = Kant, find universal moral rules
Virtue Ethics = Kant, act in accordance with virtues
Utilitarianism = J.S.Mill, do whatever maximizes welfare (opposed slavery), similar to
Lucretius but believed in both m-interests (higher pleasures) vs e-interests (lower
pleasures).
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Document Summary

Experiential harms = you have to experience in order to be harmed. I t"s something that interferes with experiential interests. Meaningfulness harms = can harm your goals and plans even if you don"t exist to experience them and even without your knowledge. Ex: spreading lies, cheating on you, setting your work on fire. Passive = what we experience, ex: medical conditions, accidents. Active = what we plan to do, ex: goal, aspirations, duties. I t"s not subjected to e-harms, rather m-harms (meaningful) Experiential interests = subjective, could be autonomous or non autonomous, it depends the passive side of your life. Meaningfulness interests = objective, connected with autonomy - the active side of your life. Suicide = the act of intentionally killing yourself which means active side (goal oriented, intentional, planned, meaningful) of your life destroys passive side (not intentional, unplanned, experiential). Reasons for suicide are due to misery, pain, depression and lack of meaningfulness.

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