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POLA02H3 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Collective Action, Class Conflict, Oligarchy

Political Science
Course Code
Renan Levine
Study Guide

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POLA02 – Midterm Review
is wealth in the form of money or assets, taken as a sign of the financial strength of an individual,
organization, or nation, and assumed to be available for; growth, development, power, stability, population,
and investment. T76t`121his creates class conflict as class struggles.
Collective action A group of people standing up against corruption (protests, rallies, petitions, etc.). It is
often difficult even if achieved, changes me be elusive. Sometimes t is easier to take alternative routes than
voicing opinions.
Clientelism (patron-client relations)
- A system where in it involves three actors:
* Patron (electorate) - the people who are to elect
* Agent (politician) – the person who is running for a position in the government
* Client (usually wealthy business personnel) – supporter or financer of the agent
- The client will give support (usually in form of money/resources) to the agent. Once the agent gets into
office, he then gives back the resources (monopoly over certain products, titles, money, etc) he obtained
from the patron.
- Bargains/Exchanges are informal/illegal and ‘voluntary but also usually unequal, often done with
coercive threats
Grievance stands for the argument that people rebel over issues of identity (ethnicity, religion)
Greed is shorthand for the argument that combatants in armed conflicts are motivated by a desire to better
their situation, and perform an informal cost-benefit analysis in examining if the rewards of joining a
rebellion are greater than not joining
Kinship Societies:
-Static “eternal yesterday”
-trade off b/w prosperity&peace
-agriculturally based
-lack of capital, limits prosperity
-can adaptive to new economic& social conditions (might be awk)
- Dishonest or fraudulent conduct by those in power, typically involving bribery
- Result of misuse of public office for private gain
- Corruption has a corrosive impact on growth and business operations
- Corruption affects inequality and income distribution
Types of corruption:
Dash – the first form and least harmful or offensive type of corruption
- Includes bribes, presents and
favours in exchange of something unlawful or harmful by nature
Money Politics (Corporate Corruption) – the use of money to influence the selection of leaders of the state
and policies for private profit interests
- The people in control of a country’s economy (wealthiest businessmen) try to take over the political
Gulp – the kinds of corruption where state policies are chosen for the monetary benefit they will bestow
upon officials and their patrons, in a great magnitude that the country suffers.
Mango Corruption – the economic system still operates upon what economists style a virtuous model while
corrupt ministers steal what they can with only small effects
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