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Final

POLB50 Final Exam Review

6 Pages
205 Views

Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLB50Y3
Professor
Christopher Cochrane

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POLB50 Final Exam Review - By Prof. Cochrane
December-04-12
11:02 AM
Cue
Column:
Note-Taking Area:
Constitution
British vs. American Constitutional Tradition
Canada mix of Convention and Law
Makes Canada a democracy
'written' vs. 'unwritten' Constitution
Mallory article definition of written and unwritten
Law: rule enforceable in court
Convention: rule not enforceable in court
Constitution: Only laws, enforce in courts
Constitutional
conventions
GG acting on PM advice - convention --> should do
Law: election every 5 years
Convention: PM resigns, Cabinet resigns when lose
support of
HofC
Cabinet
Confidence
Increase in party discipline -> don't vote, resigns,
election
Controls exec power and legislative power
Fusion of powers (legislative and executive)
Convention of responsible government fuses this
PM more powerful then President
In HofC and centre of exec
Cabinet controls legislature
PM controls cabinet
Few checks on power of PM (Savoie)
PM power in majority gov't > minority gov't
Needs to maintain HofC confidence
Aka confidence chamber
Bicameral
Legislature divided into 2 houses of chambers
Have same powers, the differences
Money bill intro'd first to HofC
Constitutional amendments, Senate can't
stop it from going through, but can delay it
(suspend veto)
Coalition: > 1 party in cabinet
Plurality vs. Majority - 5 parties: A, B, C, D, E
Plurality: more than everyone else (A < B+C+D+E)
Majority: more than everyone else combined (A >
B+C+D+E)
Legislative union vs.
Federalism
Parliamentary
Supremacy
Parliament had supremacy power to act
Responsible
government
Gov't where exec branch governs as long as maintains
confidence of HofC
Accountability
Lying is fundamental breech
Federalism - keyword:
subordinate
Centralized vs.
Decentralized
Decentralized: federalism where subnational have most
powers
Centralized: central gov't has most powers
s.91 residual clause - leftover powers to feds
Judicial
review
Court has power to interpret laws
POLB50 Page 1

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Description
POLB50 Final Exam Review - By Prof. Cochrane December-04-12 11:02 AM Cue Note-Taking Area: Column: • Constitution ○ British vs. American Constitutional Tradition  Canada mix of Convention and Law  Makes Canada a democracy ○ 'written' vs. 'unwritten' Constitution  Mallory article definition of written and unwritten  Law: rule enforceable in court  Convention: rule not enforceable in court  Constitution: Only laws, enforce in courts ○ Constitutional conventions  GG acting on PM advice - convention --> should do  Law: election every 5 years  Convention: PM resigns, Cabinet resigns when lose support of HofC • Cabinet ○ Confidence ○ Increase in party discipline -> don't vote, resigns, ○ election ○ Controls exec power and legislative power Fusion of powers (legislative and executive)  Convention of responsible government fuses this ○ PM more powerful then President  In HofC and centre of exec  Cabinet controls legislature □ PM controls cabinet ○ Few checks on power of PM (Savoie) ○ PM power in majority gov't > minority gov't ○ Needs to maintain HofC confidence  Aka confidence chamber ○ Bicameral  Legislature divided into 2 houses of chambers  Have same powers, the differences □ Money bill intro'd first to HofC □ Constitutional amendments, Senate can't stop it from going through, but can delay it (suspend veto) ○ Coalition: > 1 party in cabinet ○ Plurality vs. Majority - 5 parties: A, B, C, D, E  Plurality: more than everyone else (A < B+C+D+E)  Majority: more than everyone else combined (A > B+C+D+E) • Legislative union vs. Federalism • Parliamentary Supremacy ○ Parliament had supremacy power to act • Responsible government ○ Gov't where exec branch governs as long as maintains confidence of HofC ○ Accountability  Lying is fundamental breech • Federalism - keyword: subordinate • Centralized vs. Decentralized ○ Decentralized: federalism where subnational have most powers ○ Centralized: central gov't has most powers ○ s.91 residual clause - leftover powers to feds • Judicial review Court has power to interpret laws POLB50 Page 1 • Judicial review ○ Court has power to interpret laws ○ 7-50 Clause ○ Constitution is what judges interpret it } controversial  Words are ambiguous  Can strike down legislations and gov't (realistically) can't do anything about it • Asymmetrical federalism ○ One of regional gov't more power than other • Governor in Council ○ GG acting on Cabinet's advice • Sources of PM power ** know ○ Hire/fire cabinet ministers ○ Dispense patronage ○ Leader of political party
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