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POLB50Y3- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 34 pages long!)


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLB50Y3
Professor
Christopher Cochrane
Study Guide
Final

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UTSC
POLB50Y3
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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POLB50 [LEC.01]- CHALLENGES OF FEDERAL STATE MAY 4/2017
What could our government look like?
Classical notion of democracy: direct participation/instead of representative
(Switzerland)
Chiese go’t: top-down. Stable leadership organized within essentially one party state.
Religious based: laws emanate out of constitution (Canada). Subscribe to religiously,
god-given based laws. E.g. Islamic republic of Iran. Canada has no separation of church
and state. Catholic schools state funding for religious education.
Ideological: Germany/fascism. Leadership emerges organically out of the state. Hitler.
Parliamentary system: representative. British system. Britain is unitary state all of
sovereignty emanates from the centre.
US: three branches.
Indigenous community
Many diff types of go’t. so hy does Caadia state look the ay that it does?
Canada’s Backstory
1. Geography
If soe outries hae too uh history, e hae too uh geography- Mackenzie King
Mercator
o Canada is large
Dimensions
o The East/West distance bw Cape Spear, Newfoundland, and Yukon/Alaska
border is approx. 6000km, you could get to Columbia and Venezuela
o 3 Indias could fit inside of Canada or 15 Frances
the challenges of governing that space are huge.
Getting around
o Trying to bring together the space (railroad).
Resources
o With so much space/land mass have lots of resources. Different types of
resources impact politics.
o How geography shape politics of country
2. Settlement
Aboriginal
o Aboriginal peoples arrive to North America c. 15-20 thousand years ago
o 1492 when Columbus discovers America.
French
o Jean Cabot (1497) and Jacques Cartier (1534)
Aboriginals here way longer before French came. Had self governing societies.
Indigenous politics happening in this state for very long time
English
o Began to take primarily US Eastern sea border. Much higher level of immigration
from English than France.
American
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POLB50 [LEC.01]- CHALLENGES OF FEDERAL STATE MAY 4/2017
o US leaves, Canadians decided to stick around which created space we have
today.
European
o London secured loyalty/cooperation of French Canadians. E.g. linguistic code.
Stay with British America rather than join revolution in the south.
o By 1791, Quebec was split and it created upper and lower Canada. Quebec was
going to be for French Canadians.
o 1867 was when upper/lower Canada really split.
o New Brunswick and nova scotia oldest colonies
Recent
o Population of Canada has been overwhelmingly focused in the South
o Ontario has huge role in Canadian federalism. No state is as important as Ontario
is to Canada because of huge populous. Politics of Canada very much focused on
politics of Canada and Quebec.
3. Location
Military
o Terrified of losing independence due to proximity of the US
o Nothing close to US economy, world influence, or military capability
o Fear of US assimilation
o The entire Canadian federal budget in 2016 for everything was $317 billion.
That’s $4 illio or less tha half of hat the U“ speds o its ilitary aloe!
Economy
o Entire Spanish economy is the size of Texas, entire Mexican economy is New
York
o Astronomical compared to the states.
o The value of Can-US trade in 2015 was $616.6 billion
That’s $.7 illio per day
$70.4 million per hour
$1.2 million per minute
$20 thousand per second
o lots of economic dependence. Canada has basically one trading partner.
o Function of geography: happen to be neighbours with superpower.
Culture
o NAFTA: debate over if free trade would lead to assimilation
o Creative tension
Globalization
o Post-industrial- what cans do for a living has changed a lot over last century.
Originally in primary segment (natural resources). Now majority work in service
industry.
o Open nation when it comes to free trade. Very active in WTO, GATT. Canadians
want to get involved in TPP do more business with Asia. Authentic consensus on
free trade.
o Secondary and primary sectors still strong element compared to other countries.
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