POLB50Y3 Study Guide - Chuck Strahl, Investment Canada, Brian Dickson

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Published on 17 Dec 2010
School
UTSC
Department
Political Science
Course
POLB50Y3
Professor
1
Definitions
Legitimation Phase
4th step of the policy making process. The bill is introduced to the HOC where it
is voted on by MPs. If accepted, the legislation is sent to the senate for review, if
rejected, cabinet either makes changes to the bill or abandons it. If the senate
approves, then the bill is given to the Governor General to receive royal assent.
Significance: in Canada, some bills are passed through easily because of lack of
time or expertise. This violates precision and efficiency in the government.
However, it is an important phase because the vote decides whether the bill
becomes enforced making it a critical phase.
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Liberal government in the Canadian House of Commons on February 1, 2005 as
Bill C-38. It was passed by the House of Commons on June 28, 2005, by the
Senate on July 19, 2005, and it received Royal Assent the following day. On
December 7, 2006, the House of Commons effectively reaffirmed the legislation
by a vote of 175 to 123, defeating a Conservative government motion to examine
the matter again. This was the third vote supporting same-sex marriage taken by
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Interpretation Phase
Is the 6th step in the policy making process. The judges decide if regulation are
opposing the Charter of Rights and Freedoms, or the divisions of power between
the federal and provincial government.
Significance: This illustrates the power held by the judges and how much value is
put on the judicial aspect of a democracy.
Ex: (THIS NEEDS FURTHER INFORMATION)
Mandatory voting
- It requires voting in elections or attending a polling place on a voting day. With
secret ballot , electors are able to vote the way they please
- If eligible voters do not attend polling, they may be subject to punitive measures
such as fines, community service, or perhaps imprisonment
- This system is currently practiced in Australia
First past the Post (Single Member Plurality)
Is when one local member from each running party is put on a ballot for
representation of that riding, with the winning representative earning a seat in the
HOC as an MP.
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believe it is good as it produces majority governments and reduces the seats of
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believe it is proportional.
Ex: In 2005, BC had a referendum to abolish this electoral system, but it failed.
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Proportional Representation
Are the number of seats won by a party that would be proportionate to the total
votes received. There would be no ridings. Everybody can vote once. ---(confirm
this statement). It can have an open list or closed list. A closed list is where you
vote for the party, as they decide the order of candidates to fill the seats. The
open list is where you can vote for the representative you want
Significance: It would be good for Canada as every vote would count, and
minorities would be included more.
Ex: In the 2008 election, this system would have given the liberals 4 more seats
and taken away 18 from the conservatives.
Mixed Member Plurality
Is an election system where the legislature would consist of local candidate seats
and party list seats, by people separately voting for a candidate and party on their
ballot
Significance: This would be good for Canada as it would be more likely to
produce a majority rather than the proportional representation but the minorities
would not be as included.
Ex: Liberals would have gotten 63 instead of 72 seats in the 2003 election.
Single Transferrable Vote
A multiple seat riding where candidates are ranked by voters. There is a threshold
percent - a candidate must win in order to get a seat. When a candidate meets the
threshold, the remainders of the votes go to the 2nd ranked candidate, until
another candidate reaches the threshold, until all the seats for that riding are filled.
If no candidates reach the threshold, the last place candidate is eliminated and the
second place ballots are counted.
Significance: THIS NEEDS FURTHER ELABORATION
Ex: This resolution failed to pass in 2005, but will be up for referendum again in
the spring of 2009
Third Party Advertising
In Canada, a third party usually refers to a relatively small federal or provincial
political party that is not considered to have a realistic chance of forming a
government, but has representation in the federal House of Commons or the
provincial legislature. However, due to the Parliamentary form of government,
during minority government situations, third parties may hold the balance of
power, and thus exercise significant control over the government's policy.
In Canadian politics, the term "third party" is also sometimes used to refer to
agents other than candidates and voters who participate in elections. For example,
campaign advertisements funded by groups other than the parties and candidates
running may be called "third party advertising". This term has become more
prevalent recently, since the current Canadian Parliament has seated members
from four different parties, making the usual usage less meaningful.
Following the 1993 election, the division between the "main" and the "third"
parties started to break down, due to the poor showing by the Progressive
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Conservative Party and the rise of the Reform Party and the Quebec-based Bloc
Québécois. While the Bloc could never form a government because it never
contested ridings outside Quebec, the Reform Party and its successor Canadian
Alliance had some modest success and eventually merged with the Progressive
Conservative Party to form the new Conservative Party which forms the current
federal government.
*Ridings/Constituencies
- It is the division of the country into single member electoral districts, which is
represented in the House of Commons by MPs
- Because electoral district boundaries are proposed by arms length body, rather
than directly by political parties themselves, gerrymandering is not generally seen
as a major issue
- Currently we have 308 ridings represented in the House of Commons
Political Spectrum
- Way of modeling different political positions/ideologies by placing them on an
axis
- By having parties on the political spectrum, it allows people to choose those who
they feel best represent the people and their ideas
- NDP-------------- Liberal--------------- Conservative
Contemporary Political Ideologies
- Political ideas that consists in our government represented by the current
governing party
- The primary political parties represent the political ideologies and allow the
current citizens to elect those who citizens feel best represent their ideologies
- Our current political ideology is represented by the conservative party of
Canada
Contemporary Political Ideologies
- Political ideas that consists in our government represented by the current
governing party
- The primary political parties represent the political ideologies and allow the
current citizens to elect those who citizens feel best represent their ideologies
- Our current political ideology is represented by the conservative party of
Canada
*Party Leadership Convention
- a convention held by a party when they need to choose a political leader. The
political leader is the candidate for PM
*Minor Parties
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and elections
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