Are the number of seats won by a party that would be proportionate to the total
votes received. There would be no ridings. Everybody can vote once. ---(confirm
this statement). It can have an open list or closed list. A closed list is where you
vote for the party, as they decide the order of candidates to fill the seats. The
open list is where you can vote for the representative you want
Significance: It would be good for Canada as every vote would count, and
minorities would be included more.
Ex: In the 2008 election, this system would have given the liberals 4 more seats
and taken away 18 from the conservatives.
Mixed Member Plurality
Is an election system where the legislature would consist of local candidate seats
and party list seats, by people separately voting for a candidate and party on their
Significance: This would be good for Canada as it would be more likely to
produce a majority rather than the proportional representation but the minorities
would not be as included.
Ex: Liberals would have gotten 63 instead of 72 seats in the 2003 election.
Single Transferrable Vote
A multiple seat riding where candidates are ranked by voters. There is a threshold
percent - a candidate must win in order to get a seat. When a candidate meets the
threshold, the remainders of the votes go to the 2nd ranked candidate, until
another candidate reaches the threshold, until all the seats for that riding are filled.
If no candidates reach the threshold, the last place candidate is eliminated and the
second place ballots are counted.
Significance: THIS NEEDS FURTHER ELABORATION
Ex: This resolution failed to pass in 2005, but will be up for referendum again in
the spring of 2009
Third Party Advertising
In Canada, a third party usually refers to a relatively small federal or provincial
political party that is not considered to have a realistic chance of forming a
government, but has representation in the federal House of Commons or the
provincial legislature. However, due to the Parliamentary form of government,
during minority government situations, third parties may hold the balance of
power, and thus exercise significant control over the government's policy.
In Canadian politics, the term "third party" is also sometimes used to refer to
agents other than candidates and voters who participate in elections. For example,
campaign advertisements funded by groups other than the parties and candidates
running may be called "third party advertising". This term has become more
prevalent recently, since the current Canadian Parliament has seated members
from four different parties, making the usual usage less meaningful.
Following the 1993 election, the division between the "main" and the "third"
parties started to break down, due to the poor showing by the Progressive