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Polb80 tutorial review16:13
Anarchy: It is the absence of overarching authority. This does not necessarily mean
chaos, disorder because even though there is no overarching authority there will be
cooperation and international relations. This may be contrasted with the
hierarchical structure. Anarchy forms a structure of international relations. The UN
and navy failure to intervene in Rwanda because there is was no singular power.
Theorist (Morgan Thaw). Wynth.
Behaviouralism: Methodological approach in 1950-1960’s from the American social
science. Created behaviouralism to have it close to a natural science. Liberal has
criticized it because they believed that humans are not able to be quantified. Waltz
and Keohane in terms of neoliberalim, took behaviourlist and tried to apply it
positively. Not concerned about human nature, and develop something close to social
science. Post-positivist how they represent a rejection toward behaviouralism.
Classical Liberalism: Wilson and Kant. Connect this to liberal economic theory
Adam Smith. They connect to each other because they are able to trade have the
basic understanding of rational/self-interested people towards development.
Classical Realist: Morgan Thaw, Hobbs, and Machiavelli. Connect it to mercantilist.
They said we should export more then import. The economy should be prioritized
over government. Cooperation between states can be dangerous so one must be
careful. Safety of citizens is number one priority.
Marxist: Dominant class. Pull out the dependency theory.
Liberal economics created liberals, and classical realist created neo-realist.
So now the neo-realist and liberals. Institutions differ for the liberals.
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