POLB81H3 Study Guide - Global Governance, Neoliberalism, Status Quo


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLB81H3
Professor
M.Hoffmann- Universityof Toronto

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Perspective Actors Global
Governance
Type
Ontology/
Assumption
Strength Weakness
Institutionalism States
International
Organizations
International
Institutions
Beauracratic
Structures
Secretariats
Top-Down
Elites
Technical
Beauracratics
and other
experts
Problem-solving
Challenges
Are dealt with
through
cooperation or
mechanisms
International
cooperation
Prioritize
knowledge and
expertise
Focus on
managing the
problem (no
changes in the
system)
Policy making is
key
Status quo is
preserved
Clear hierarchy
Depoliticizes
Challenges
Efficient
Intuitive
appeal
Orthodox
approach
Immediate
action
Cookie-cutter
approach, ignores
culture, local
commission
Pushes neo-liberal
approaches (economic
incentives)
Unwillingness to
consider structural
inequalities
(Global north-global
south)
Transnationalism NGOS
New Social
Movements
Oxfam
Green peace
Linkage
between civil
society, social
movement, and
NGOS
Focuses on
other agents
and process that
complement
Institutionalism.
Civil society,
social
movements, and
advocacy
networks;
Domestic
activist
organizations
are relevant to
global
governance.
Focus on
communication
of local
concerns and
demands.
Legitimacy of
policy; are
policies based
on coercion or
consensual.
A better world
can be built
below and
above the state,
a world not
compromised as
states are by
their relations.
It is concerned
with making
small and
incremental
changes; rejects
broad changes.
Challenges
initial state-
centric view
of global
governance
Local to
global ;
including
social
movements
and NGOS.
The wide-
scope of
approach.
Not an ELITE
approach
only. Looks at
multiple
actors;
Wide range
of issues
Does not put
emphasis on illicit
NGOS that want to
break the current
global order.
Terrorism
Hegemonism
ECONOMIC
CLASSES:
CAPITALIST
ELITES VS.
WORKERS/DIS
ENFRANCHISE
D
Global
governance as a
link to
capitalism.
Considers rules,
norms, and
institutions in
Capitalism
shapes human
social human
life.
Global
governance is
negative, global
Global
governance
as reality; not
volunteer
work.
Global
governance
Places to much focus
on capitalism, and not
other issues.
Looses core focus on
Marxist approach, by
putting too much
thoughts into
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