POLB91H3 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Caudillo, Corporatism, Structural Adjustment

73 views4 pages
Published on 12 Feb 2013
School
UTSC
Department
Political Science
Course
POLB91H3
Professor
What is clientalism and how does it impact upon development outcomes?
Clientaism is the dispensing of public resources by political power holders and seekers who offer them
as favors in exchange for votes or other forms of public support. It can also be based on kinship,
patronage, and material or immaterial inducements/attachments. It’s important in development impact
because it leads to corruption, preferential treatment, inequality, and reinforces status quo. It
undermines authentic development, its development by accident not design; it divides community
members because they are fighting with elites for these scarce resources. An example of clientalism is in
the Philippines, where cotes are bought by leading political parties and led to instability.
What is the relationship between the state and the interest groups under the three systems of
interest group representation?
Under state corporatism, states use interest groups structures to control and dominate citizen groups
and interest they are allowed to voice. State is the dominant actor, interest groups are consulted only to
gain to their compliance, appear to legitimize the state, a form of control.
Clientalism is the dispensing of public resources by political power holders who offer them a favor in
exchange for votes or other forms of public support. Leads to corruption inequality etc.
Caudillismo- organizations of political life by bosses, undermines central government policies.
The three C’s sere to exclude the marginalized from meaningful political participation and benefit
economic development.
What factors influence the likelihood of military interventions in third world politics?
Military intervention is likely in weak political systems and is characterized by instability. (Regime
weakens institutions, need strong states, regimes that can stand revolutions).
a) Political institutions
a. When civilian governments enjoy widespread support and legitimacy, military
intervention is unlikely
b. Governments are responding to civilian concerns
b) Political culture
a. Societies which believe that democracy should be the only game in town are less likely
to tolerate military coups
b. Strong public support, eg, india-stable democracy despite poverty that would never
allow army to set up
c) Level of development
a. Poorer countries are more likely to suffer from military takeovers
What explains the success of some military regimes in developing their outcomes?
Military regimes can establish stability because it is equipped to crush rebellion and demonstrations,
very effective at controlling civil unrest for short term. They can also promote economic development,
easy economic decision which are consistent with the national interest.
What are possible political consequences in rising crime rates in global south?
The possible political consequences in rising crime rates in global south can be tough punishments for
minor infractions and hard-line policing, without civilian oversight. Also known as the Zero-Tolerance
policing. The policy imposes automatic punishments for infractions of a stated rule, with the intention of
eliminating undesirable conduct. The policy forbids subjectivity in determining punishments of a crime,
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 4 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

Clientaism is the dispensing of public resources by political power holders and seekers who offer them as favors in exchange for votes or other forms of public support. It can also be based on kinship, patronage, and material or immaterial inducements/attachments. It"s important in development impact because it leads to corruption, preferential treatment, inequality, and reinforces status quo. It undermines authentic development, its development by accident not design; it divides community members because they are fighting with elites for these scarce resources. An example of clientalism is in the philippines, where cotes are bought by leading political parties and led to instability. Under state corporatism, states use interest groups structures to control and dominate citizen groups and interest they are allowed to voice. State is the dominant actor, interest groups are consulted only to gain to their compliance, appear to legitimize the state, a form of control.

Get OneClass Grade+

Unlimited access to all notes and study guides.

YearlyMost Popular
75% OFF
$9.98/m
Monthly
$39.98/m
Single doc
$39.98

or

You will be charged $119.76 upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.