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4____


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLB91H3
Professor
R Rice

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LECTURE 4
Military Intervention and Security
OUTLINE:
I. Causes of Military Intervention
II. The Military in Power
III. Bringing Dictators to Justice
IV. Crime, Violence and Insecurity
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I. Causes of Military Intervention
Coup d’etat:strike at the state”; military takeover of power
1. The Nature of the Armed Force – explains the frequency + nature of military
intervention based on the internal characteristics of the military itself (training +
social background)
Peru: velasco alvarado
a) Origins of Officers – officers of humble origins are more likely to intervene in politics
on behalf of the interests of the populace
b) Training – officers whose training focuses on internal rather than external threats are
more likely to intervene in politics
c) Civic Action – military personnel who participate in local development initiatives are
more likely to intervene in politics
2. The Nature of Civilian Regimes – argues that military intervention is more likely in
weak political systems that are characterized by instability
a) Political Institutions – when civilian governments enjoy wide-spread support +
legitimacy and there are effective channels of social representation military intervention
is unlikely
b) Political Culture – societies which believe that democracy should be the only game in
town are less likely to support and tolerate military coups
c) Level of Development – poorer countries are more likely to suffer from military
takeovers
GNP per capita < $500 – successful coup attempt
GNP per capita < 1000 – unsuccessful coup attempts
GNP per capita < 3000 – no coup attempts
II. The Military in Power
Combating Corruption (does not work)
Establishing Stability (works in Short-term, but not in Long-term)
Promoting Economic Development (works in Short-term, but not in Long-term)
The endurance of military governance depends largely on their economic
performance
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