13 Dec 2010
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LECTURE 4
Military Intervention and Security
OUTLINE:
I. Causes of Military Intervention
II. The Military in Power
III. Bringing Dictators to Justice
IV. Crime, Violence and Insecurity
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I. Causes of Military Intervention
Coup d’etat:strike at the state”; military takeover of power
1. The Nature of the Armed Force – explains the frequency + nature of military
intervention based on the internal characteristics of the military itself (training +
social background)
Peru: velasco alvarado
a) Origins of Officers – officers of humble origins are more likely to intervene in politics
on behalf of the interests of the populace
b) Training – officers whose training focuses on internal rather than external threats are
more likely to intervene in politics
c) Civic Action – military personnel who participate in local development initiatives are
more likely to intervene in politics
2. The Nature of Civilian Regimes – argues that military intervention is more likely in
weak political systems that are characterized by instability
a) Political Institutions – when civilian governments enjoy wide-spread support +
legitimacy and there are effective channels of social representation military intervention
is unlikely
b) Political Culture – societies which believe that democracy should be the only game in
town are less likely to support and tolerate military coups
c) Level of Development – poorer countries are more likely to suffer from military
takeovers
GNP per capita < $500 – successful coup attempt
GNP per capita < 1000 – unsuccessful coup attempts
GNP per capita < 3000 – no coup attempts
II. The Military in Power
Combating Corruption (does not work)
Establishing Stability (works in Short-term, but not in Long-term)
Promoting Economic Development (works in Short-term, but not in Long-term)
The endurance of military governance depends largely on their economic
performance
www.notesolution.com
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Document Summary

Coup d"etat: strike at the state ; military takeover of power: the nature of the armed force explains the frequency + nature of military intervention based on the internal characteristics of the military itself (training + social background) Gnp per capita < successful coup attempt. Gnp per capita < 1000 unsuccessful coup attempts. Gnp per capita < 3000 no coup attempts. Establishing stability (works in short-term, but not in long-term) Promoting economic development (works in short-term, but not in long-term) the endurance of military governance depends largely on their economic performance www. notesolution. com. Truth commission a commission tasked with discovering + revealing past wrong- doings by a military government during an internal conflict. Accountability trial the prosecution and sentencing of military personnel found guilty of past crimes against humanity. new democracies are too fragile to confront ex-dictators. many dictators negotiate their exemption from prosecution as a condition of their withdrawal from power.

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