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Conflict and Conflict

2 Pages
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Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLC38H3
Professor
Ingrid L.Stefanovic

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NOV 3-Conflict and Collusion in Sierra Leone-KEEN
Sierra Leone has an extractive economy and autocratic political system
It was under British rule
The colonial state allowed chiefs, headmen and elders to define a customary law that
asserted and legitimated their power and control over the allocation of resources
The economic rewards of the paramount encouraged intense and sometimes violent
competition for office
Development programmes were a threat to chiefs if they offered new choices and new
sources of loans and patronage
The continued power of chiefs and the weak state bureaucracy helped ensure that
political energy was directed, towards local power struggles
From 1935-1956: Diamond Boom
British company had rights to the mining
Extracted all the diamonds
There was illegal mining
An important ethnic distinction has been between the Creoles of Freetown and the
other groups up-country
Rivalry between the Temne speakers of the north and the Mende speakers of the
south
Siaka Stevens political system was based on extending patronage to a relatively
small but shifting group of insiders, whilst intimidating any outsiders who expressed
their dissatisfaction too vigorously
Exports of coffee, cocoa, palm kernels, diamonds, bauxite but had no value to Sierra
Leone
The legal system strongly discriminated against the poor and the politically restive
The use of violence by politicians set a dangerous example that was to be followed by
some youths
Stevens bringing labour leaders into parliament and by bringing army and police
chiefs into the cabinet
The people used state resources to their advantage
Stevens favoured corrupt officials and associated businessmen at the expense of
members of the public and rural groups in particular
Privatization did not bring about an efficient and competitive market, nor did it
create a market that could be effectively taxed by the state
Though, Stevens just increased his own fortune
Stevens system under strain: economic decline and structural adjustment
In early 1980s economic crisis, fluctuations in prices of food
They attracted IMF support
Rural inequalities were rising
Education declined
Education was hit by inflation
Stevens system under strain: Momohs drive against smuggling
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Description
NOV 3-Conflict and Collusion in Sierra Leone-KEEN Sierra Leone has an extractive economy and autocratic political system It was under British rule The colonial state allowed chiefs, headmen and elders to define a customary law that asserted and legitimated their power and control over the allocation of resources The economic rewards of the paramount encouraged intense and sometimes violent competition for office Development programmes were a threat to chiefs if they offered new choices and new sources of loans and patronage The continued power of chiefs and the weak state bureaucracy helped ensure that political energy was directed, towards local power struggles From 1935-1956: Diamond Boom British company had rights to the mining Extracted all the diamonds There was illegal mining An important ethnic distinction has been between the Creoles of Freetown and the other groups up-country Rivalry between the Temne speakers of the north and the Mende speakers of the south Siaka Stevens political system was based on extending patronage to a relatively small but shifting group of insiders, whilst intimidating any outsiders who expressed
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