Kaldor, Mary," The Globalized War Economy" in New and Old Wars: Organized Violence in the Global Era, 2001, p. 90-111.

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Kaldor on Globalized War Economy - Study Guide
The failure of states (due to a lack of control, catch 22) is accompanied by privatization of
violence
5 main types of fighting units:
Regular armed forces: with unstable pay/morale, officers become the equivalent of warlords
Paramilitary groups: autonomous groups of armed men, usually centered around an
individual leader, tends to be associated with extremists parties or political factions
Self-defence units: volunteers who try to defend their localities
Foreign mercenaries: may be individuals or bands
Regular foreign troops: UN/NATO
b/c of cost of logistics and inadequate infrastructure and skills, these armies tend not to use
heavy weapons, which when sued can make a big difference
Revolutionary warfare: get control of territory through gaining support of local population
Counterinsurgency: just going at it
The warfare is based partly on both these techniques. The difference between
revolutionaries and new warriors is the method of political control instead of ideological
allegiance to the cause. INSTEAD of population support new warfare is based on population
displacement to get rid of all opponents or create unfavorable conditions for them. Techniques
for pop’n displacement include:
Systematic murder of those with different labels
Ethnic cleansing, forcible population expulsion
Rendering an area uninhabitable: physically, economically, or psychologically (through
destruction of history/culture, ruining religious symbol/buildings, rape, etc
ALL OF THE ABOVE are defined as GENOCIDE
Since there is no tax base, revenues can be collected from:
Asset transfer:
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Document Summary

The failure of states (due to a lack of control, catch 22) is accompanied by privatization of violence. Revolutionary warfare: get control of territory through gaining support of local population. The warfare is based partly on both these techniques. The difference between revolutionaries and new warriors is the method of political control instead of ideological allegiance to the cause. Instead of population support new warfare is based on population displacement to get rid of all opponents or create unfavorable conditions for them. External assistance is crucial with the collapse of domestic production through: remittance from abroad to individual families, direct assistance from diaspora living abroad, assistance from foreign gov"t, diversion of humanitarian assistance. The new type of warfare is a predatory social condition, which can"t be contained like a specific group may be. Illegal trade can also lead to spread of the conflict. The aim is political mobilization on the basis of identity.

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