Encomienda System: The right to use native peoples on your newfound land in exchange for Christianizing
Micro fundio System: small farm of less than 2 hectares. Freehold indigenous communities lived on these
plots of land. They had to work for the landlord because it wasn’t enough land to grow crops and live well.
They had to approach the patrons and work for him. Labour in exchange for subsistence pay.
Repartimiento System: practice of requiring indigenous groups to set aside a specified number of months
for free labour. Either works for the private (i.e. hacienda) or public sector (i.e. state infrastructure). Each
male had to do that for 7 years. It was a form to disguise slavery.
The Era of the Social Question: The debate over the appropriate role of the working classes with the
political economical system in Latin America. What do we do with the workers? DO we include them or do
we repress them?
CORPORATISM was the answer: a system of interest group representation where the states decided how
to organize society, usually through peak trade unions (1930s). Late, peak peasant association (1960s). The
state can structure how the state should be organized. You’re either a peasant or a worker. You’re just a
working class, not a woman or religious person. If you support our policies, we’ll make sure the payout and
pensions. Peasants didn’t fully come on board until the 1960s.
Corporatism is a system of economic, political, or social organization that views a community as a
body based upon organic social solidarity and functional distinction and roles amongst individuals.
Corporatism is related to the sociological concept of structural functionalism. Corporate social interaction is
common within kinship groups such as families, clans and ethnicities. Political scientists may also use the
term "corporatism" to describe the process of licensing and regulation by a state for incorporating social,
religious, economic, or popular organizations into a single collective body.
SECONDARY GENERATION REVOLUTIONS
Political Revolution: seeks to transform the state, but not economic or social strives (e.g. wars of
Second Generation Revolutions: revolutions carried out in the Global South in post WWII period.
Sociological Model by Wickham-Crowley: seeks to explain the social conditions for the expansion and the
success of 2nd Generation revolutions.
Necessary and sufficient conditions:
1. Strong and sustained peasant support
2. Sufficient military strength (strength of the government and revolutionary group)
3. Mass loyalty to the revolutionary movement.
Agency Model by McClintock: focuses on the revolutionary movements, ideology, strategy, structure, and