POLB50 Final Exam Review

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Department
Political Science
Course
POLB50Y3
Professor
Christopher Cochrane
Semester
Fall

Description
POLB50 Final Exam Review - By Prof. Cochrane December-04-12 11:02 AM Cue Note-Taking Area: Column: • Constitution ○ British vs. American Constitutional Tradition  Canada mix of Convention and Law  Makes Canada a democracy ○ 'written' vs. 'unwritten' Constitution  Mallory article definition of written and unwritten  Law: rule enforceable in court  Convention: rule not enforceable in court  Constitution: Only laws, enforce in courts ○ Constitutional conventions  GG acting on PM advice - convention --> should do  Law: election every 5 years  Convention: PM resigns, Cabinet resigns when lose support of HofC • Cabinet ○ Confidence ○ Increase in party discipline -> don't vote, resigns, ○ election ○ Controls exec power and legislative power Fusion of powers (legislative and executive)  Convention of responsible government fuses this ○ PM more powerful then President  In HofC and centre of exec  Cabinet controls legislature □ PM controls cabinet ○ Few checks on power of PM (Savoie) ○ PM power in majority gov't > minority gov't ○ Needs to maintain HofC confidence  Aka confidence chamber ○ Bicameral  Legislature divided into 2 houses of chambers  Have same powers, the differences □ Money bill intro'd first to HofC □ Constitutional amendments, Senate can't stop it from going through, but can delay it (suspend veto) ○ Coalition: > 1 party in cabinet ○ Plurality vs. Majority - 5 parties: A, B, C, D, E  Plurality: more than everyone else (A < B+C+D+E)  Majority: more than everyone else combined (A > B+C+D+E) • Legislative union vs. Federalism • Parliamentary Supremacy ○ Parliament had supremacy power to act • Responsible government ○ Gov't where exec branch governs as long as maintains confidence of HofC ○ Accountability  Lying is fundamental breech • Federalism - keyword: subordinate • Centralized vs. Decentralized ○ Decentralized: federalism where subnational have most powers ○ Centralized: central gov't has most powers ○ s.91 residual clause - leftover powers to feds • Judicial review Court has power to interpret laws POLB50 Page 1 • Judicial review ○ Court has power to interpret laws ○ 7-50 Clause ○ Constitution is what judges interpret it } controversial  Words are ambiguous  Can strike down legislations and gov't (realistically) can't do anything about it • Asymmetrical federalism ○ One of regional gov't more power than other • Governor in Council ○ GG acting on Cabinet's advice • Sources of PM power ** know ○ Hire/fire cabinet ministers ○ Dispense patronage ○ Leader of political party
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