Final Exam terms and definitions

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Department
Political Science
Course
POLB50Y3
Professor
Holly Gibbs
Semester
Fall

Description
Responsible GovernmentA form of government in which the political executive must retain the confidence of the elected legislature or assembly and must resign or call an election if an when it is defeated on a vote of nonconference Majority GovernmentA situation in which the party in power has over 50 percent of the seats in the House of Commons This is significant because the party that has over 50 percent of the seats has enormous power in the policy making process and the initiation phase of the policy making processMinority GovernmentA situation in which the government party has less than 50 percent of he seats in the House of Commons Coalition GovernmentGenerally speaking coalition governments are ones in which two or more political parties enter into a formal agreement to govern together The parties form a coalition with one anotherhence the term Coalition Government This happened in 2008 when the NDP and Liberals formed a coalition to govern together Party DisciplineThe convention that all MPs within any party to vote together on every occasion as predetermined in the party caucus meeting ordered by the prime minister in the case of the government party and enforced by the party whip This is significant because all the MPs have to vote together on every occasion which is important in the policy making process for a democratic society because all the elected members gets to vote and voice their opinions Free Vote A vote in the house of commons or senate in which members are not required to abide by the party lineThis is important in a democracy because even if they are a member of that party they do not have to vote for their party which is one principle of a democracy Confidence VoteA periodic motion in the House of Commons moved by the opposition inviting the house to demonstrate its lack of confidence in the government if successful such a motion would require the Cabinets resignation or the calling of an election Cabinet MemberCabinet Members assumes the leadership of the government the application of statutes and the administration of the StateThey are imported because they make up the executive branch of the government decisions and advise them on each issue they are responsible for BackbencherMembers of Parliament on the government side who sit on the backbenchers and are not in the Cabinet or those similarly distant from important posts in opposition parties The Senate intrastate Federalism mechanism of regional representation in national institutionsAll appointed by the Governor General on the advice of the PM seat until the age of 75currently 105 seats as of 1999Senate Reform Proposalsto change the role and powers the Senate has in Canada so there is more voice in the Canadian public in the Senate
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