Terms You Need To Know For The Midterm

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Political Science
Chris Gibbs

Part I. Terms you should know Politics: The activity in which conflicting interests struggle for advantages or dominance in the making and execution of public policies. Power: The ability of one actor to impose its will on another to get its own way, or to do or get what it wants, usually considered to be the essence of politics and government. Democracy: A political system characterized by popular sovereignty, political equality, political freedom, and majority rule. Public Policy: A course of action or inaction chosen by public authorities to address a given problem or interrelated set of problems. Political Parties: An organized group that nominates candidates for and contests elections in order to influence the personnel and policy of government. Advocacy Groups: Any group seeking to influence government policy without contesting elections; organizations whose members act together to influence public policy in order to promote their common interest. Interest Groups: Same as above. Social Movements: An informal network of organizations and individuals who on a basis of a collective identity and shared values engage in political struggle intended to expand the boundaries of the existing system, such as the womens and environmental movements. Lobbying: An organized attempt to influence the authorities, now often performed by professional lobbyist firms. Clientele Relationships: The intimate and mutually advantageous relationship that sometimes develops between a government department or agency and the advocacy group with which it most frequently interacts. Elite Accommodation: The notion that public policies emerge from the interaction of various elites (small groups of people with a disproportionate amount of power) in society, who, sharing many socioeconomic characteristics and values, find it relatively easy to come to agreement. Royal Commissions: An elaborate investigation set up by the Cabinet to research a significant policy problem, to listen to and educate the public, and to make recommendations to the government. www.notesolution.com
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