Lecture 1: Studying Canadian Politics
Political Issue: We try to solve our needs by our own efforts which can be known as
the private or voluntary sectors which function separately from the government. But
when our needs get to a point where we can no longer solve them ourselves and we
need the government to help, it becomes a demand that is then given to the public
sector; the government.
Issues rather than demands. Issues are what authorities take serious consideration
because not all demands have an impact. Governments are more sensitive to the
views of business community rather than the aboriginal peoples.
For Example: Beating up wife became political issue over time…
Authorities are bombarded with demands and intense conflict exists among them. the
essence of politics and government therefore lies not only in making and executing
decisions for society , but having to choose among competing demands , in trying to
resolve conflict, or in making social choices in the midst of social conflict. Politics-
originates in conflict, and is often defined as the struggle for power and the
management of conflict. Politics is an activity in which conflicting interests struggle
for advantage or dominance in the making and execution of public policies.
Power: Ability of one actor to impose its will on another, to get its own way, to do or
et what it wants.
ways of getting power:
1. Coercion: impose power on people by threatening with some form of
Ex: boss tells you to do something or else you will get fired
Interaction with cohesive power in state-police force you to comply
Police stops you bc you weren’t wearing seatbelt
You cannot get away you have to deal with it
War is form of cohesive power
2. Legitimacy(aka authority): person impose power on others bc they feel it is the
right thing to do
Authority is legit power Vast amount of power is authority (Canada)
It is done bc it is right; stopping at red light
Limits on authority: REFUSING TO DO WHAT THE POLICE SAY
EX: teacher and student relationship: teacher can only tell you to raise h