Final Exam Study Guide

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Political Science
Ramcharan, Robin

1 POLB81Exam Part 1 Definitions (i): precise, concise meaning (ii) each terms central proposition about world order (iii) a key event example (iv) key authors theorists Neo-realism: (i) The character of the international system itself is to blame for this perennial struggle, anarchy is the permanent condition of the international system A theory developed by Kenneth Waltz in which states seek to survive within an anarchical system. Although states may seek survival through power balancing, balancing is not the aim of that behaviour. Balancing is a product of the aim to survive. And because the international system is regarded as anarchic and based on self-help, the most powerful units set the scene of action for others as well as themselves. These major powers are referred to as poles; hence the international system (or a regional subsystem), at a particular point in time, may be characterised as unipolar, bipolar or multipolar. (ii) Explains order as a product of structural forces in international relations. Anarchy is a key determinant variable. Conflicts and wars are predominant Power of pole determine the distribution of power (iii) The Cold War (iv) Kenneth Waltz Critical Realism (i) Analysis on an assessment of the realities of all forms of power in global life. Concept of the nature power and actors able to exert that power. Actors include states, transnational organizations a. Rooted in realism but depart from the hopeless position of realist cant constrain mans evil mind Vision of the future and proffer strategies that can get us to a particular destination (normative content) the existing system as evolving through the pressure of political, social, cultural, economic, ideological, and civilization forces, as well as changing due to the impact of conjunctural or defining political moments, such as wars, cold wars, catastrophic events, and economic downturns. (ii) Lens of describing what we see in changing the shift in global politics (iii) Oxfam protests the big head in the power of oil interest in the global economy (iv) Roy Bhaskar International Society Approach (i) Take the rationalist (between realist and Utopian-idealist), society of states (international society) share common value and interests, conceive themselves to be bound by a common set of rules in their relations (international law etc.) Goal: preservation of state sovereignty and promote peace
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