Summary- International Regimes
• International Regimes: “implicit or explicit principles, norms, rules and
decision-making procedures around which actors’ expectations converge in a
given area of international relations.” (Krasner, 1982)
• Examines means and conditions under which states cooperate.
• The realist, neoliberal, and the Cognitivist perspectives under which regimes
occur even under anarchy.
Realism Neoliberalism Cognitivism
Central Variable POWER INTERESTS KNOWLEDGE
Metatheoretical Orientation RATIONALIST RATIONALIST SOCIOLOGICAL
Behavioral Model RELATIVE GAINS SEEKER ABSOLUTE GAINS MAXIMIZER ROLE PLAYER
Institutionalism WEAK MEDIUM STRONG
• Institutions are a set of customs, practices, relationships, or behavioral
patterns of importance in the life of a community or society; institutions are the
rules of the game, the norms that regulate behavior; they generate repetitive
and predictable behavior; they define the social constraints and opportunities
that actors face.
• Benefits: increased cooperation, stability, prosperity, the emergence of
• Cost: decreased sovereignty, new dimensions of conflict, restricted ability of
governments to react to local needs and values as well as to rapid changes and
• International Organizations (IO’s) are made up of inter-governmental
organizations ( IGOs) and non-governmental organizations ( NGOs)
• Institutions could be viewed as either a principal or an agent
• Global governance- The regulation of interdependent relationship between
states in the absence of a overarching global government/authority.
• Two Schools of Thought for global governance: 1. As an extension of liberal
activism and plural management in the international system; 2. As an
extension of some form of hegemonic or imperial power