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Political Science
Waldemar Skrobacki

1 Global Civil Society 2 ASEAN The ASEAN Foundation was established by the ASEAN Leaders in December 1997 during ASEANs 30th Anniversary Commemorative Summit to help bring about shared prosperity and a sustainable future to all 10 ASEAN Member Countries namely Brunei Darussalam Cambodia Indonesia Laos Malaysia Myanmar the Philippines Singapore Thailand and Viet Nam In recognition of the fundamental importance of improving the livelihoods and wellbeing of the peoples of Southeast Asia and the need to promote ASEAN awareness as well as peopletopeople contact through scholarships fellowships and other exchanges the Leaders of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations ASEAN agreed to establish the ASEAN Foundation on 15 December 1997 in Kuala Lumpur during the Associations 30th Anniversary Commemorative Summit The ultimate aim was to help bring about shared prosperity and a sustainable future to all ASEAN countries3 Bretton Woods ConferenceBretton Woods Conference 1944The breakdown of the world economic system during the 1930s Great Depression convinced American and British planners of the need for a new international economic framework as part of the postwar settlement AngloAmerican discussions led by US Assistant Secretary of the Treasury Harry Dexter White and the British Treasury representative John Maynard Keynes began in 1942 These talks as well as intragovernmental planning in both countries led to an international conference held in Bretton Woods New Hampshire in July 1944 Attended by representatives of fortyfive nations the conclave produced the blueprints for two new institutions the International Monetary Fund IMF and the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development or World Bank as well as discussions of a third the International Trade Organization4 BRICsBrazil Russia India ChinaThe acronym has come into widespread use as a symbol of the shift in global economic power away from the developed G7 economies toward the developing world Goldman Sachs argued that since they are developing rapidly by 2050 the combined economies of the BRICs could eclipse the combined economies of the current richest countries of the world The four countries combined currently account for more than a quarter of the worlds land area and more than 40 of the worlds population However there are some indications that the four BRIC countries have been seeking to form a political club or alliance and thereby converting their growing economic power into greater geopolitical clout5 Colonialism A policy by which a nation maintains or extends its control over foreign dependencies Colonialism is a system in which a state claims sovereignty over territory and people outside its own boundaries often to facilitate economic domination over their resources labor and often markets The term also refers to a set of beliefs used to legitimize or promote this system especially the belief that the mores of the colonizer are superior to those of the colonized Advocates of colonialism argue that colonial rule benefits the colonized by developing the economic and political infrastructure necessary for modernization and democracy They point to such former colonies as the United States of America Australia New Zealand Hong Kong and Singapore as examples of postcolonial success 6 Contractarian PhilosophyAny of various theories that justify moral principles or political arrangements by appealing to a social contract that is voluntarily committed to under ideal conditions for such commitment7 Cosmopolitanism 8 Cotonou AgreementSigned in Benin in 2000 To be in force for 20 years Articles 1933 set out the developmental strategies including institutional development and capacity building The Agreement on the one hand is to be compatible with the WTOmeasures to mitigate the effects of shortterm fluctuations in ACP states export earnings Art 68 guarantees for private sector investment art 77
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