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University of Toronto Scarborough
Political Science
R Rice

LECTURE 4 Military Intervention and Security OUTLINE: I. Causes of Military Intervention II. The Military in Power III. Bringing Dictators to Justice IV. Crime, Violence and Insecurity _______________________________________________________________________ _ I. Causes of Military Intervention Coup detat: strike at the state; military takeover of power 1. The Nature of the Armed Force explains the frequency + nature of military intervention based on the internal characteristics of the military itself (training + social background) Peru: velasco alvarado a) Origins of Officers officers of humble origins are more likely to intervene in politics on behalf of the interests of the populace b) Training officers whose training focuses on internal rather than external threats are more likely to intervene in politics c) Civic Action military personnel who participate in local development initiatives are more likely to intervene in politics 2. The Nature of Civilian Regimes argues that military intervention is more likely in weak political systems that are characterized by instability a) Political Institutions when civilian governments enjoy wide-spread support + legitimacy and there are effective channels of social representation military intervention is unlikely b) Political Culture societies which believe that democracy should be the only game in town are less likely to support and tolerate military coups c) Level of Development poorer countries are more likely to suffer from military takeovers GNP per capita < $500 successful coup attempt GNP per capita < 1000 unsuccessful coup attempts GNP per capita < 3000 no coup attempts II. The Military in Power Combating Corruption (does not work) Establishing Stability (works in Short-term, but not in Long-term) Promoting Economic Development (works in Short-term, but not in Long-term) The endurance of military governance depends largely on their economic performance www.notesolution.com
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