CIT01ExamQ 2013.docx

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Political Science
Ahmed Allahwala

Describe different degrees of public involvement in the planning process. What is the potential of advocacy planning and community organizing to strengthen the voice and increase the power of marginalized communities in the urban planning and policy making process? Illustrate your answer by discussing the Commitment 2 Community campaign against social service cuts in the City of Toronto in 2011/2012.  Public involvement can range from consultation to participation  public involvement is involving citizens decision-making process of a municipality.  During the early years of planning those impacted by planning decisions would be notified by authorities. Public would be informed via advertisements, newspaper notice or just a sign on the property that will be developed.  Public involvement characterized to have 3 elements: Decide, Announce, Defend—This means that decision makers announce a plan and planners must defend and explain choice.  In 1970s, community programs were implemented in regards to citizen action that actively engaged residents. For example Neighbourhood Improvement Program supported by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation allowed residents with the planning to invest in basic infrastructure in old urban neighbourhoods.  Citizens become active planning partners aiding with advising policy directions; To Harry Lash this approach taken in Vancouver coined the phrase “planning the human way”  Harry Lash uses a triangle of participation to describe equal partnership between planners, politicians, and public  1990s consensus building became popular: Developing out of healthy communities and sustainable development approaches and supported by communicative theory in planning.  Recent years have brought greater interest in design.  Visioning processes include community residents in long-term projection of urban futures became of a popular way of setting goals  Challenging because planning process involves managing disagreements about future of community resources.  Public involvement: (Sherry Arnstein ladder of participation: Varying degree of power along a ladder; “ladder” model shows range of involvement)  In Alberta public involvement is required during drafting of statutory plans, amending land use bylaws  Degree of public involvement
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