Final Exam Review POLA81.docx

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Political Science
Phil Triadafilopoulos

POLA81LeavingHomeThePoliticsofMigrationMulticulturalismMulticulturalism usually and most often refers to how diverse a culture can be or a community In a political science reference multiculturalism has to do with individuals identifying themself in a distinct country Everybody has a unique background yet it isnt always easy expressing it in a place other than your motherland Multiculturalism is a feel good celebration of ethnocultural diversity Individuals are encouraged to acknowledge and embrace the array of customs traditions music and cuisine in a multiethnic society To be multicultural it is in a sense to take these cultural statements such as music and cuisine and apply and treat them as practices that should be preserved by their members and safely consumed by others One can learn to be multicultural it happens to take place everywhere It is taught in schools performed in festivals displayed in the media and museums etc Multiculturalism is a rejection of coercive assimilation this means that integrating into a new community or country is a choice and by all means is not mandatory to comply to For immigrants this is a great asset and privilege because there are a lot of things are fair for them Countries have greater respect for ones culture and they take great effort in helping to maintain cultures while encouraging fair integration Multiculturalism also consists of recognition acceptance and positive valuation of diversity For example in todays society there are a lot of HakkaChinese restaurants such as Frederick or Luckys that many Canadians of different cultures go out to eat to Canadians have come to terms that multiculturalism is everywhere The roots of multiculturalism first started after WWII when people came to accept that everyone is equal and human rights were implemented This was a time when racial discrimination was being rejected In Canada multiculturalism was first accepted in 1971 officially as a multicultural policy and enshrined in our Constitution There was a tremendous amount of support in the high levels of immigrations therefore accepting that immigrants were beneficial After the WWII atrocities countries started to partake in multicultural citizenship groups who were previously suppressed deserved special rights to makeup for the power imbalances For example there are national minorities who received selfgovernment rights historically disadvantaged groups women racialized minorities had received affirmative action rights and immigrants received polytechnic rights The polytechnic rights consist of the right to translation in court as well as hospitals the right to make exemptions from dress codes and accommodations for religious practices Multiculturalism provides a place for mutual identification between Canadian born and immigrants It allows us to be a part of our national identity something were proud of Also being Canadian is letting people be in favour of diversity tolerance and multiculturalism If alone 61 consist of multiculturalism then that alone strengthens our national identity However since the past 40 years much debate has been going around about the legal and political accommodation of ethnic diversity around the world A consensus in fact shows that people agree we are living in a postmulticultural era A time where there is a rise and fall in multiculturalism that is affecting many cultures There have been calls for retreat return of assimilation People believe the accommodation of diversity has gone too far and it is affecting cultures and the society It ignores certain issues of economic and political inequality the focus on celebrating authentic cultural practices that are unique to each group can be potentially dangerous and the encouragement of a conception of group that produces its own distinct practices can create discrimination or a stereotype and perceptions of minorities can change to others Slowly the movement is pulling away from multiculturalism in society and leaning on civic integration in which people are forced into learning a language or certain attitudes to pursue their stay in a country
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