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Chapter 5 M/C (with answers).pdf


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYA01H3
Professor
Steve Joordens

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Exam
Name___________________________________
MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.
1)
The neuromodulator most closely associated with the effects of primary and secondary reinforcers
is
A)
serotonin.
B)
epinephrine.
C)
D)
acetylcholine.
E)
dopamine.
1)
2)
An appetitive stimulus is to __________ as an aversive stimulus is to __________.
A)
response cost; negative reinforcement
B)
stimulus generalization; stimulus discrimination
C)
negative reinforcement; positive reinforcement
D)
punishment; positive reinforcement
E)
spontaneous recovery; extinction
2)
3)
An eliciting stimulus that strengthens the environmental control of behavior, whether in the
classical or the operant procedure, is referred to as a(n)
A)
reinforcer.
B)
evoker.
C)
elicitor.
D)
focuser.
E)
enhancer.
3)
4)
Through classical conditioning
A)
the relation between the UCS and UCR is strengthened.
B)
responses of the autonomic nervous system are protected from becoming CRs.
C)
neutral stimuli take on some of the properties of important stimuli and can shape and modify
behavior.
D)
learning becomes permanent.
4)
1

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5)
Any eliciting stimulus that follows an operant response and decreases the strength of that response
over time is called a
A)
positive reinforcer.
B)
equivalent stimulus.
C)
discriminative stimulus.
D)
negative reinforcer.
E)
punisher.
5)
6)
Pavlov's original research on digestion headed in a direction that he had not originally intended
when he noticed that his dogs
A)
began salivating before being fed.
B)
would not salivate until they were fed.
C)
salivated every time they saw him.
D)
salivated profusely while being fed.
E)
failed to salivate.
6)
7)
Shaping complex behaviors in children with developmental disabilities often involves __________
in which specific component skills are reinforced separately and gradually combined into patterns
that more and more closely approximate the target behavior.
A)
specialization training
B)
response gradation
C)
unit collection
D)
response chambering
E)
response partitioning
7)
8)
Rapid, reacquisition of responding following an extinction procedure and spontaneous recovery
following an extinction procedure occur because
A)
the US was not present during extinction.
B)
some of the stimuli that were present during acquisition were not present during extinction.
C)
habituation has enhanced extinction.
D)
the passage of time weakens responses.
E)
the distinction between CS and US has been lost.
8)
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9)
__________ is to a single pairing of the __________ procedure as __________ is to a single pairing of
the __________ procedure.
A)
Phobia; operant; drug addiction; learning requires
B)
Phobia; appetitive; superstition; operant
C)
Superstition; operant; phobia; classical
D)
Superstition; classical; phobia; appetitive
E)
Drug addiction; operant; phobia; classical
9)
10)
Extinction will eventually occur if
A)
the CS continues to be presented, but is no longer followed by the UCS.
B)
neither the CS nor the UCS is presented.
C)
the CS and the UCS are not presented simultaneously.
D)
the animal forgets the association between the neutral stimulus and the CS.
10)
11)
Imitation and other generalized responses occur because some of the stimuli that are produced by
another person's behavior
A)
are the same as those stimuli produced when the observer engages in the behavior.
B)
are novel; that is, they have never been observed previously by the person who is observing.
C)
are contingency
-
governed rather than being rule
-
governed.
D)
produce both unconditioned and conditioned reinforcers.
E)
were previously punishing but are now reinforcing.
11)
12)
Suppose that a young child likes to play with toy blocks in the family room. Sometimes while
playing with the blocks she misbehaves. When she does this, her mother or father tells her that she
can no longer play with her blocks and that she must go to her bedroom for a while.The
arrangement the parents employ as a consequence of their daughter's actions is called
A)
time out.
B)
positive reinforcement.
C)
discrimination.
D)
extinction.
E)
negative reinforcement.
12)
3
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