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PSYA01H3 Study Guide - Receptive Field, European Route E39, Subjective Constancy


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYA01H3
Professor
Steve Joordens

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Exam
Name___________________________________
MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.
1)
In Bernstein and Robertson's study, a patient, RM, with the symptoms of Balint's syndrome showed
"illusory conjunctions" involving movement, shape and color. Accuracy in reporting one feature
did not predict accuracy in reporting the other features. However the results suggest that
A)
RM had brain damage that reversible.
B)
other systems besides the visual system were involved in the symptoms.
C)
D)
these features are independently registered by the visual system.
E)
RM had damage to the primary visual cortex.
1)
2)
Ball and Sekular trained people to detect very small movements by exposing them to unidirectional
movement. They found that their subjects
A)
did not learn this task very well.
B)
did very well in detecting movement in the direction in which they were trained.
C)
did very well in detecting movement opposite to the direction in which they were trained.
D)
were better at detecting larger movements than smaller movements.
E)
did very well in detecting movement in any direction.
2)
3)
__________ is to monocular cues for depth as __________ is to binocular cues.
A)
Convergence; elevation
B)
Motion parallax; convergence
C)
Convergence; divergence
D)
Retinal disparity; pictorial cues
E)
Texture; shading
3)
4)
Physical features of an object that help distinguish it from other stimuli are called
A)
defining characteristics.
B)
identifying codes.
C)
object signatures.
D)
distinctive features.
E)
prototypes.
4)
1

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5)
Biederman proposed that object recognition involves a basic set of perceptual primitive he called
A)
perceptrons.
B)
logons.
C)
morphons.
D)
baseons.
E)
geons.
5)
6)
Which cue in depth perception does not tell us much about the absolute distance to an object but
does tell us which parts of the object are closer or further away?
A)
elevation
B)
texture
C)
haze
D)
shading
E)
interposition
6)
7)
Reisenhuber & Poggio's neutral network model of human object perception proposes connections
between layers of neurons that can be either
A)
horizontal or lateral.
B)
additive or maximum input.
C)
small or large.
D)
subtractive or additive.
E)
top
-
down or bottom
-
up.
7)
8)
_________ is the binocular cue in depth perception where the images of objects at different
distances will fall on the visual receptors in the eyes at slightly different locations.
A)
Convergence
B)
Conjugation
C)
Divergence
D)
Stereopsis
E)
Retinal disparity
8)
9)
Template is to __________ as prototype is to __________.
A)
general; specific
B)
hypothetical; concrete
C)
rigid; flexible
D)
realistic; idealized
E)
pattern; element
9)
2

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10)
People with __________ can recognize individual objects when they look directly at them but are
unable to identify their location.
A)
visual agnosia
B)
achromatopsia
C)
visual neglect
D)
Balint's syndrome
E)
prosopagnosia
10)
11)
The textbook's conclusion is that be a
A)
series of parallel processors.
B)
parallel processor that uses both prototypes and templates to recognize objects.
C)
serial processor that uses prototypes to recognize patterns.
D)
general purpose serial computer.
E)
parallel processor made up of collections of neural networks.
11)
12)
A person walking around in a room where you are sitting is sometimes seen from the front, the
back, or the side. Yet despite these quite different images, you perceive that the person remains the
same one. This is an example of the principles of
A)
absolute shape.
B)
shape constancy.
C)
profile symmetry.
D)
shape reference.
E)
person constancy.
12)
13)
While looking out a window, you can make out the details of nearby objects very easily. As you
look at objects farther away, you have a more difficult time in making out the same details. This
situation illustrates the cue to depth called
A)
retinal disparity.
B)
interposition.
C)
texture.
D)
shading.
E)
linear perspective.
13)
3
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