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PSYA01H3 Study Guide - Conduction Aphasia, Reading Education In The United States, Hackney Carriage


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYA01H3
Professor
Steve Joordens

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Exam
Name___________________________________
MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.
1)
Hypnotized eyewitnesses
A)
remember events accurately.
B)
are sometimes be induced to remember false information.
C)
D)
have insight and abilities they do not possess when not hypnotized.
1)
2)
Research on the tip
-
of
-
the
-
tongue phenomenon has confirmed that it
A)
is common.
B)
usually involves adjectives and adverbs.
C)
rarely involves proper names.
D)
occurs about twice a week.
E)
is more frequent among younger people than older people.
2)
3)
Echoic memory's longer duration means that is it useful in processing
A)
unfamiliar odors.
B)
spoken language.
C)
barely audible sounds.
D)
sudden sounds.
E)
visual images.
3)
4)
According to Bartlett, people tend to recall a story based on_________.
A)
scripts
B)
gists
C)
character in the story
D)
the story's similarity to other stories
E)
schemas
4)
5)
Which of the following is NOT a danger of attempts at hypnotic memory enhancement?
A)
the increase in a person's willingness to tell the truth
B)
the modification of existing memories
C)
the chance that a false memory could be implanted
D)
witnesses become more suggestible.
E)
the increase in a person's confidence in his or her memory
5)
1

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6)
Memories of which we are aware are called __________ memories.
A)
procedural
B)
surface
C)
explicit
D)
implicit
E)
semantic
6)
7)
Anterograde amnesia results from damage to the
A)
hippocampus.
B)
cortical association areas.
C)
motor areas.
D)
frontal lobes.
7)
8)
Which of the following words, when used in the question, "How fast were the cars going when one
of them __________ into the other?" likely would result in the greatest estimate by an eyewitness to
the accident?
A)
contacted
B)
collided
C)
bumped
D)
smashed
E)
hit
8)
9)
Trying to remember your former telephone number after having become used to your new number
reflects
A)
retroactive interference.
B)
proactive interference.
C)
implicit forgetting.
D)
decay.
E)
anterograde interference.
9)
10)
Patrick wrote a shopping list then left it at home on the kitchen counter. Now, at the supermarket,
the only items he can remember are the first two on the list. This is an example of
A)
the recency effect.
B)
encoding specificity.
C)
the primacy effect.
D)
chunking.
E)
consolidation hypothesis.
10)
11)
Bahrick's studies of real
-
life memories showed that his subjects' memory for Spanish vocabulary
words was
A)
very durable after about 3 years.
B)
mainly consisted of false memory.
C)
virtually nonexistent after 50 years.
D)
better after many years than immediately following high school.
E)
frequently confused with that from other languages they studied.
11)
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12)
Which of the following statements is FALSE?
A)
A chunk contains 7 plus or minus 2 items.
B)
Chunking may be accomplished through the use of rules.
C)
Chunking is a form of encoding information.
D)
The capacity of short
-
term memory depends on the meaning of the information it contains.
E)
Chunking creates meaningful units of information.
12)
13)
Memories of which we are unaware are called __________ memories.
A)
explicit
B)
declarative
C)
episodic
D)
implicit
E)
semantic
13)
14)
The Stroop effect provides evidence for
A)
the value of introspection in remembering..
B)
automatic processes involved in remembering.
C)
conscious processes involved in remembering.
D)
failure to suppress the active processes involved in remembering.
E)
active processes involved in remembering.
14)
15)
Mnemonic systems
A)
are useful for all kinds of information.
B)
make information more elaborate.
C)
simplify information.
D)
are often more time consuming to learn than the information itself.
15)
16)
Cale and Kyle were born deaf. Cale speaks fairly well; Kyle doesn't. If they were to be given a list of
letters to look at briefly and then write down, Cale would most likely make __________ errors than
Kyle.
A)
more articulatory
B)
the same number of articulatory and acoustical
C)
fewer articulatory
D)
more visual
E)
fewer visual
16)
3
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