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PSYA01 Chap 3 Brief Notes

6 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYA01H3
Professor
Steve Joordens

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ĞǀĞůŽƉŵĞŶƚŽĨƚŚĞǀŽůƵƚŝŽŶĂƌLJdŚĞŽƌLJ
ŝŽůŽŐŝĐĂůĞǀŽůƵƚŝŽŶŝƐƚŚĞĐŚĂŶŐĞƐƚŚĂƚƚĂŬĞƉůĂĐĞǁŝƚŚŝŶŽƌŐĂŶŝƐŵƐďŽƚŚŐĞŶĞƚŝĐĂůůLJĂŶĚƉŚLJƐŝĐĂůůLJƚŽ
ĂĚĂƉƚƚŽƚŚĞĞǀĞƌͲĐŚĂŶŐŝŶŐĞŶǀŝƌŽŶŵĞŶƚŽǀĞƌƚŝŵĞ͘
ĂƌǁŝŶŝŶĨůƵĞŶĐĞĚĂŐƌĞĂƚĚĞĂůŽĨƉƐLJĐŚŽůŽŐŝƐƚƐ͕ƐƚĂƚŝŶŐƚŚĂƚĂůŽƚŽĨŚƵŵĂŶďĞŚĂǀŝŽƵƌĐĂŶďĞƚƌĂĐĞĚ
ďĂĐŬƚŽŽƵƌƐƉĞĐŝĞƐ͕ĂŶĚĂĚĂƉƚŝǀĞƐŝŐŶŝĨŝĐĂŶĐĞŽĨďĞŚĂǀŝŽƵƌĂŝĚƐĂŶŽƌŐĂŶŝƐŵƚŽĂĚĂƉƚƚŽƚŚĞĐŚĂŶŐŝŶŐ
ĞŶǀŝƌŽŶŵĞŶƚĐŽŶĚŝƚŝŽŶƐ͘
KƵƌďĞŚĂǀŝŽƵƌŝƐĂƌĞĨůĞĐƚŝŽŶŽĨƵƐƚƌLJŝŶŐƚŽďĞƐƵĐĐĞƐƐĨƵůŝŶŽƵƌĞŶǀŝƌŽŶŵĞŶƚ͘
WƐLJĐŚŽůŽŐŝĐĂůĚƌĂǁƚǁŽĚŝƐƚŝŶĐƚŝŽŶƐďĞƚǁĞĞŶĂĚĂƉƚŝǀĞƐŝŐŶŝĨŝĐĂŶĐĞ
ϭͿ hůƚŝŵĂƚĞĐĂƵƐĞƐ
Ă͘ dŚĞƐĞĂƌĞĐĂƌƌŝĞĚŽŶĨƌŽŵůŽŶŐƚŝŵĞĂŐŽ
ŝ͘ džĂŵƉůĞͲǁŽŵĂŶĂƌĞŵŽƌĞĂƚƚƌĂĐƚĞĚƚŽƐƚƌŽŶŐĞƌŵĞŶ͕ƉŽƐƐŝďůLJĨŽƌƉƌŽƚĞĐƚŝŽŶ
ď͘ dŚĞƐĞĂƌĞĞǀĞŶƚƐĂŶĚůŝǀŝŶŐĐŽŶĚŝƚŝŽŶŽǀĞƌƚŝŵĞƚŚĂƚŚĂǀĞŵĂĚĞŽƵƌƐƉĞĐŝĞƐǁŚĂƚƚŚĞLJ
ĂƌĞ
ϮͿ WƌŽdžŝŵĂƚĞĐĂƵƐĞƐ
Ă͘ dŚĞƐĞĂƌĞŝŵŵĞĚŝĂƚĞĞŶǀŝƌŽŶŵĞŶƚĂůǀĂƌŝĂďůĞƐƚŚĂƚĂĨĨĞĐƚƚŚĞďĞŚĂǀŝŽƵƌŽĨĂƉĞƌƐŽŶ
tĞďĞŚĂǀĞĂƐǁĞĚŽďĞĐĂƵƐĞǁĞĂƌĞŚƵŵĂŶƐ;ƵůƚŝŵĂƚĞĐĂƵƐĞͿĂŶĚǁĞŚĂǀĞůĞĂƌŶĞĚƚŽĂĐƚŝŶƐƉĞĐŝĂůǁĂLJƐ
;ƉƌŽdžŝŵĂƚĞĐĂƵƐĞͿ͘
Ͳ /ĨǁĞƵŶĚĞƌƐƚĂŶĚĞǀŽůƵƚŝŽŶĂŶĚĚĞǀĞůŽƉŵĞŶƚŽĨŽƵƌƐƉĞĐŝĞƐ͕ǁĞĐĂŶƵŶĚĞƌƐƚĂŶĚƚŚĞ
ƉƐLJĐŚŽůŽŐŝĐĂůĂĚĂƉƚĂƚŝŽŶƐƚŚĞLJŚĂǀĞŽŶĐƵůƚƵƌĞ
o ƵƚƵƌĞͲƚŚŝƐŝƐƚŚĞƐƵŵŽĨƐŽĐŝĂůůLJƚƌĂŶƐŵŝƚƚĞĚŬŶŽǁůĞĚŐĞ͕ĐƵƐƚŽŵƐĂŶĚƉĂƚƚĞƌŶƐŽĨ
ďĞŚĂǀŝŽƵƌĐŽŵŵŽŶƚŽĂƉĂƌƚŝĐƵůĂƌŐƌŽƵƉŽĨƉĞŽƉůĞ͘
ĂƌǁŝŶ
sŽLJĂŐĞŽĨƚŚĞĞĂŐůĞ
Ͳ >ŽŽŬŝŶŐĨŽƌĂŶĂƚƵƌĂůŝƐƚƵŶƉĂŝĚƚŽƚƌĂǀĞůŽŶƚŚĞƐŚŝƉǁŝƚŚƚŚĞŵ
Ͳ ŝĚŶ͛ƚƉƌŽƉŽƐĞŽĨƚŚĞŽƌLJǁŚŝůĞŽŶƐĞĂ
Ͳ ŽůůĞĐƚĞĚǀĂƌŝŽƵƐƐƉĞĐŝĞƐĂŶĚŽďƐĞƌǀĞĚƚŚĞŵ
dŚĞŽƌŝŐŝŶŽĨ^ƉĞĐŝĞƐ
Ͳ tŚĞŶŚĞŐŽƚŚŽŵĞŚĞĨůŝƉƉĞĚƚŚƌŽƵŐŚĂŶĚůŽŽŬĞĚĂƚƚŚĞƐŝŵŝůĂƌŝƚŝĞƐĂŶĚĚŝĨĨĞƌĞŶĐĞďĞƚǁĞĞŶƚŚĞ
ĐƌĞĂƚƵƌĞŚĞĨŽƵŶĚ
Ͳ tĂƐŝŶƚĞƌĞƐƚĞĚŝŶĂƉƌŽĐĞĚƵƌĞĐĂůůĞĚĂƌƚŝĨŝĐŝĂůƐĞůĞĐƚŝŽŶ͕ŝŶǁŚŝĐŚƉĂƌƚŝĐƵůĂƌĂŶŝŵĂůƐǁĞƌĞ
ĚĞůŝďĞƌĂƚĞůLJŵĂƚĞĚƚŽƉƌŽĚƵĐĞŽĨĨƐƉƌŝŶŐƚŚĂƚŚĂĚĚĞƐŝƌĂďůĞĐŚĂƌĂĐƚĞƌŝƐƚŝĐƐ;ĚŽŶĞďLJĞdžƉĞƌŝŵĞŶƚĞƌƐ
ǁĂŶƚŝŶŐƚŽƚĞƐƚǁŚĂƚŬŝŶĚŽĨŽƵƚĐŽŵĞǁŽƵůĚŵĂŬĞǁŚĂƚͿ
EĂƚƵƌĂůƐĞůĞĐƚŝŽŶ
Ͳ ĂůůŽƌŐĂŶŝƐŵƐƌĞƉƌŽĚƵĐĞĚŝĨĨĞƌĞŶƚŝĂůůLJĂŶĚǁŝƚŚŝŶĂƉŽƉƵůĂƚŝŽŶ͕͞ƚŚĞƐƵƌǀŝǀŽƌƐ͟ǁŝůůƉƌŽĚƵĐĞ
ŵŽƌĞŽĨĨƐƉƌŝŶŐƚŚĂŶƚŚĞŽƚŚĞƌƐ
Ͳ ĨŽƵƌŝŶƐŝŐŚƚƐŽĨĂƌǁŝŶ
o ϭ͘^ƉĞĐŝĞƐĂƌĞŶŽƚĨŝdžĞĚĂŶĚƚŚĞLJĐŚĂŶŐĞŽǀĞƌƚŝŵĞ
o Ϯ͘ǀŽůƵƚŝŽŶŝƐĂďƌĂŶĐŚŝŶŐƉƌŽĐĞƐƐ/ŶǁŚŝĐŚĂůůŽƌŐĂŶŝƐŵƐĚĞƐĐĞŶĚĨƌŽŵĂĐŽŵŵŽŶ
ĂŶĐĞƐƚŽƌ
www.notesolution.com
o ϯ͘ǀŽůƵƚŝŽŶŝƐĐŽŶƐŝƐƚĞŶƚǁŝƚŚŐƌĂĚƵĂůĐŚĂŶŐĞƐ
o ϰ͘ǀŽůƵƚŝŽŶŝƐďĂƐĞĚŽŶŶĂƚƵƌĂůƐĞůĞĐƚŝŽŶ
/ŶĚŝǀŝĚƵĂůƐǁŝƚŚŝŶĂƉŽƉƵůĂƚŝŽŶƐŚŽǁǀĂƌŝĂďŝůŝƚLJŝŶŚĞƌŝƚĂďůĞďĞŚĂǀŝŽƵƌĂů͕
ƉŚLJƐŝĐĂůĐŚĂƌĂĐƚĞƌŝƐƚŝĐƐ;sĂƌŝĂƚŝŽŶͿ
dŚĞĞŶǀŝƌŽŶŵĞŶƚĂůĐĂƉĂĐŝƚLJŝƐůŝŵŝƚĞĚ͕ƚŚĞƌĞĨŽƌĞƐƵƐƚĂŝŶŝŶŐĂƉŽƉƵůĂƚŝŽŶŽĨĂŶLJ
ƐƉĞĐŝĞƐŝŶůŝŵŝƚĞĚ;ŽŵƉĞƚŝƚŝŽŶͿ
Ͳ dŚĞĂďŝůŝƚLJŽĨĂŶŝŶĚŝǀŝĚƵĂůŽƌŐĂŶŝƐŵƚŽƉƌŽĚƵĐĞŽĨĨƐƉƌŝŶŐĚĞĨŝŶĞƐŝƚƐƌĞƉƌŽĚƵĐƚŝǀĞƐƵĐĐĞƐƐ
o dŚŝƐŝƐƚŚĞηŽĨǀŝĂďůĞŽĨĨƐƉƌŝŶŐŝƚƉƌŽĚƵĐĞƐĐŽŵƉĂƌĞĚƚŽηƉƌŽĚƵĐĞĚďLJƚŚĞŽƚŚĞƌƐ
o ^ƵƌǀŝǀĂůŽĨƚŚĞĨŝƚƚĞƐƚĚŽĞƐŶ͛ƚŵĞĂŶůŝƚĞƌĂůůLJĨŝƚ͕ďƵƚƚŚĞŽŶĞƚŚĂƚŝƐŵŽƐƚĨŝƚǁŝƚŚƚŚĞ
ĞŶǀŝƌŽŶŵĞŶƚ
sĂƌŝĂƚŝŽŶ
Ͳ dŚŝƐƌĞĨĞƌƐƚŽƚŚĞĚŝĨĨĞƌĞŶĐĞƐĂŵŽŶŐƐŝŵŝůĂƌƐƉĞĐŝĞƐ
Ͳ dŚĞƌĞĂƌĞƚǁŽĨĂĐƚŽƌƐƚŚĂƚĂƌĞƌĞƐƉŽŶƐŝďůĞĨŽƌƚŚŝƐǀĂƌŝĂƚŝŽŶŐĞŶŽƚLJƉĞĂŶĚƉŚĞŶŽƚLJƉĞ
o 'ĞŶŽƚLJƉĞ͕ĚŝĨĨĞƌĞŶĐĞƐŝŶƚŚĞŐĞŶĞƚŝĐŵĂŬĞƵƉ͕ĚŝĨĨĞƌƐĂŵŽŶŐƐƚĞǀĞƌLJŽŶĞďƵƚƐŽŵĞ
ŝĚĞŶƚŝĐĂůƚǁŝŶƐ
o WŚĞŶŽƚLJƉĞƐ͕ƚŚŝƐŝƐƚŚĞĂƉƉĞĂƌĂŶĐĞŽĨƚŚĞŝŶĚŝǀŝĚƵĂůĂŶĚǁŚĂƚŽƚŚĞƌƉĞŽƉůĞĐĂŶƐĞĞ͕
ŝŶĐůƵĚŝŶŐďĞŚĂǀŝŽƵƌ
Ͳ WŚĞŶŽƚLJƉĞƐĂƌĞƉƌŽĚƵĐĞĚďLJƚŚĞŝŶƚĞƌĂĐƚŝŽŶŽĨƚŚĞ'EKdzW^ǁŝƚŚƚŚĞĞŶǀŝƌŽŶŵĞŶƚ
Ͳ ůƚŚŽƵŐŚĞǀŽůƵƚŝŽŶŚĂƉƉĞŶƐŝŶƚŚĞůŽŶŐƌƵŶ͕ŶĂƚƵƌĂůƐĞůĞĐƚŝŽŶĐĂŶĐĂƵƐĞĐŚĂŶŐĞƐŝŶƚŚĞƐŚŽƌƚ
ƌƵŶ
Ͳ WŚĞŶŽƚLJƉŝĐǀĂƌŝĂƚŝŽŶĐĂŶƉƌŽĚƵĐĞƐĞůĞĐƚŝǀĞĂĚǀĂŶƚĂŐĞďĞƚǁĞĞŶŽƌŐĂŶŝƐŵƐ
ŽŵƉĞƚŝƚŝŽŶ
Ͳ hŶĚĞƌůLJŝŶŐĐŽŶĐĞƉƚŽĨŶĂƚƵƌĂůƐĞůĞĐƚŝŽŶ
Ͳ ĞĐĂƵƐĞƐƉĞĐŝĞƐƐŚĂƌĞƐĂŵĞĞŶǀŝƌŽŶŵĞŶƚ͕ĐŽŵƉĞƚŝƚŝŽŶĨŽƌĨŽŽĚ͕ŵĂƚĞƐĂŶĚƚĞƌƌŝƚŽƌLJĂƌĞ
ŝŶĞǀŝƚĂďůĞ
Ͳ EĂƚƵƌĂůƐĞůĞĐƚŝŽŶǁŽƌŬƐďĞĐĂƵƐĞƚŚĞŵĞŵďĞƌƐŽĨĂŶLJƐƉĞĐŝĞƐŚĂǀĞƚŽƚĂůůLJĚŝĨĨĞƌĞŶƚƉŚĞŶŽƚLJƉĞƐ
o ^ŝŶĐĞƚŚĞƐĞƉŚĞŶŽƚLJƉĞƐĂƌĞĐĂƵƐĞĚďLJŐĞŶŽƚLJƉĞƐ͕ƐƵĐĐĞƐƐĨƵůƐƉĞĐŝĞƐǁŝůůƉĂƐƐŽŶƚŚĞƐĞ
ŐĞŶĞƐƚŽƚŚĞŝƌŽĨĨƐƉƌŝŶŐ
o KǀĞƌƚŝŵĞŽŶůLJƚŚĞďĞƐƚǁŽƵůĚďĞĂďůĞƚŽĂĚĂƉƚƚŚĞĞŶǀŝƌŽŶŵĞŶƚ
,ĞƌĚŝƚLJĂŶĚ'ĞŶĞƚŝĐƐ
'ĞŶĞƚŝĐƐ
Ͳ ƚŚŝƐŝƐƚŚĞƐƚƵĚLJŽĨƚŚĞƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞĂŶĚĨƵŶĐƚŝŽŶƐŽĨŐĞŶĞƐ͕ĂŶĚŚŽǁƚŚĞLJĂƌĞƚƌĂŶƐŵŝƚƚĞĚĨƌŽŵ
ŐĞŶĞƌĂƚŝŽŶƚŽŐĞŶĞƌĂƚŝŽŶ͕ĂŶĚŚŽǁƚŚĞLJŽƉĞƌĂƚĞƉŽƉƵůĂƚŝŽŶƐ
Ͳ ƐƚƵĚLJŽĨŚŽǁŐĞŶĞƚŝĐŵĂŬĞƵƉŝŶĨůƵĞŶĐĞƐƉŚLJƐŝĐĂůĂŶĚďĞŚĂǀŝŽƵƌĂůĐŚĂƌĂĐƚĞƌŝƐƚŝĐƐ
,ĞƌĞĚŝƚLJ
Ͳ ƐƵŵŽĨĂůůƚŚĞƚƌĂŝƚƐĂŶĚĐŚĂƌĂĐƚĞƌŝƐƚŝĐƐƚŚĂƚĂƌĞŝŶŚĞƌŝƚĞĚďLJďŝŽůŽŐŝĐĂůƉĂƌĞŶƚƐĂŶĚŽƚŚĞƌ
ĂŶĐĞƐƚŽƌƐ
ĂƐŝĐWƌŝŶĐŝƉůĞƐŽĨ'ĞŶĞƚŝĐƐ
Ͳ E͕ŐĞŶĞƚŝĐŵĂƚĞƌŝĂů
Ͳ ƐĞƚŽĨŐĞŶĞƚŝĐŵĂƚĞƌŝĂůŝƐŬŶŽǁŶĂƐŐĞŶŽŵĞ
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