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PSYA01H3 Study Guide - Final Guide: Parietal Lobe, Temporal Lobe, Auditory Cortex

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Steve Joordens
Study Guide

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Psychology Final Exam Notes 12/5/2012 11:22:00 AM
Chapter 1 Slides/Textbook
Slides 1-3
Cartesian Dualism
A machine, controlled by a soul
John Locke
Believed that mind is machine, and that La Tabla Rassa
o Empiricism
All knowledge is acquired through experience
Hermann von Helmholtz
Measured speed of neural impulse
o Experiment to hold hands and squeeze until it passed the end
Ernst Weber
William Wundt
First to refer himself as a psychologist
o Psych as a science
Structuralist approach
Darwin and James
o Focus on the purpose of the mental world, not what it “looks”
Sigmund Freud
Medical doctor, not a scientist
Psychological disease, linked mostly to psychological conflict
o Promoted cocaine, sexual and aggressive urges
They hated freud because the lack of testable theories
o Freud does the client feel better
o Scientists do you have a theory that leads to predictions we
can test
Gestalt Psychology
Understand the laws underlying our amazing ability to acquire and
maintain stable percepts in a noisy world
Humanistic Psychology
Counter to Freud, on a positive aspect to humanity

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Ivan Pavlov
o Shunned discussions of any psychological concept
John B. Watson
o Consciousness, attention, memory, perception, etc.…
B.F Skinner
o Study of association between stimuli and reaction
Human behavior is all composed by
Biological sciences with how the brain works
Personal as sexual behavior
Social as prejudice
Clinical as psychopathy
Textbook Chapter 1
Psychology the study of mind and behavior
Mind private inner experience of thoughts, memories, and
Behavior things we do in the world, or observable actions
of human beings
Bases of perceptions, thought, memories, feeling, or our subjective sense of
Thought to be pineal gland for thousands of years, however, it’s
proven false
fMRI scans brain
Analyzing of the mind by breaking it down into its basic components
How mental abilities allow people to adapt to their environments
Plato argued for nativism
Certain kinds of knowledge are innate or inborn
o Natural in the mind
Aristotle believed in
Tabula rasa (blank slate)
Philosophical empiricism all knowledge is acquired through
Cartesian dualism mental activity can be reconciled and
coordinated with physical behavior

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Study of biological processes, especially in the human body
Measured the speed of responses
o Stimulus sensory input from the environment
o Reaction time amount of time taken to respond to a
specific stimulus
Scientific psychology should focus on analyzing
o Consciousness person’s subjective experience of the
world and the mind
Later on adopted, structuralism
o Structuralism - Analysis of basic elements that constitute
the mind
Introspection was used as a systematic method subjective
observation of one’s own experience
Came up with publishing The Principles of Psychology
o Approached Functionalism
Functionalism study of the purpose of mental
processes serve in enabling people to adapt to their
Also coined up the idea of Natural Selection
Freud and Psychoanalytic Theory
Unconscious part of the mind that operates outside of
conscious awareness but influences conscious thought,
feelings, and actions
Later on developed into psychoanalytic theory
o Psychoanalytic theory approach that emphasizes
importance of unconscious mental processes in shaping
feelings, thoughts, and behaviors
However, Freud had a dark nature of psychoanalysis
o Humanistic psychology approach to understanding
human nature that emphasizes positive potential of
human beings
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