PSYA01H3 Study Guide - Final Guide: Sympathetic Nervous System, Operant Conditioning, Sensory Memory

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Published on 28 Feb 2018
School
Department
Course
University of Toronto
Scarborough
PSYA01H3
Introductory Psychology: Part I
Fall 2017
Final Exam
Exam Guide
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Contents
Exam guide covers the following topics:
1. Altered States Of Consciousness
2. Habituation And Classical Conditioning
3. Learning:
a. Operant Conditioning
b. Learning In The Real World
4. Memory
a. Not A Singular Noun
b. Encoding Memory
c. Explicit Memory
5. Language
6. Thought
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ALTERED STATES OF CONSCIOUSNESS
PART
2
Hypnosis (Clinical)
Psychologists were becoming interested in the field of clinical psychology
And they were especially interested in these people who seemed to have physical
issues that had no physical cause
So they couldn't find any reason why these people had the issues they had, and that's
why Freud of course is starting to think of psychological conflicts giving rise to physical
symptoms
And so what Mesmer did at some point is combine that kind of curiosity about mental
illness with some new thing that was coming out, and this new thing was magnetism
And so what Mesmer did was the following, took big pools of water, stuck magnetic
rods in that water to kind of permeate it with magnetic fields and put clinical patients
into the water
Now, critically he really thought that was going to help them
And so he would have people go into this pool and a lot of them felt a lot better
afterwards
The magnets weren't important
The really important thing was Mesmer telling them with some certainty that this would
make them feel better (called a "Suggestion")
A strong suggestion from an expert person that this will happen or you will do this or
you will feel this can make somebody kind of obey
It can make them have an experience consistent with what that expert says
So that became known as mesmerism, which became known as hypnosis and got this
formal procedure around it
The hypnotist now says something like this
"Imagine yourself in the smoking spot and you're there, "you're about to have a
smoke, "but also there with you is an ashtray. "And that ashtray contains the ash
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Document Summary

Exam guide covers the following topics: altered states of consciousness, habituation and classical conditioning, learning, operant conditioning, learning in the real world, memory, not a singular noun, encoding memory, explicit memory, language, thought. Psychologists were becoming interested in the field of clinical psychology. And they were especially interested in these people who seemed to have physical issues that had no physical cause. So they couldn"t find any reason why these people had the issues they had, and that"s why freud of course is starting to think of psychological conflicts giving rise to physical symptoms. And so what mesmer did at some point is combine that kind of curiosity about mental illness with some new thing that was coming out, and this new thing was magnetism. And so what mesmer did was the following, took big pools of water, stuck magnetic rods in that water to kind of permeate it with magnetic fields and put clinical patients into the water.

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