Study Guides (258,542)
CA (124,962)
UTSC (8,100)
Psychology (1,886)
PSYA01H3 (210)
Final

PSYA01H3: Lecture Notes (Final Exam)

43 Pages
1932 Views

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYA01H3
Professor
Steve Joordens

This preview shows pages 1-3. Sign up to view the full 43 pages of the document.
LEC 1 & 2 & 3
What is Psychology?
Study of the human mind.
Study of consciousness and unconsciousness.
Human Behavior.
History of Psychology
1800’s.
Importance of Souls
To pursue something scientifically, one must understand the
behavior of a thing, which conforms to some sort of natural laws
to predict future behavior.
Humans are controlled by a soul meaning they are responsible
for their actions.
Souls are spiritual entities, which do not conform to natural
laws.
2 kinds of views:
Animism
ANYTHING in the world being able to have a soul and desires.
(Battery, Laptop, Animals, Humans, etc.)
Even the Weather is described to have a soul. (You must
respect the feelings of the cloud in order for rain if a drought
occurs near a farm, etc.)
Magic
Intelligence & Soul is the same.
The reason why we all think we have souls are the reasons why
we think we are mystical and spiritual is because we don’t
understand how we can do the things we do.
Rene Descartes (1596-1650)
Cartesian Dualism Machine controlled by a soul.
Argued that animals have no souls and that humans are
dualistic creatures; being able to have a “machine” part like the
animals. Meaning a part of us is just like the animals but we
also have a soul that can control the machinery; that is the only
difference between humans and animals.
During the inventions of the pressure plates and hydraulics;
Rene stepped on a pressure plate as he was approaching the
statue of Diana causing water to flow through from behind the
statue. Since there was another statue blocking the way of the
hydraulic, the force of the water pushed the statue on to Rene’s
path shocking him.
o Non-living objects have a soul.
John Locke (1632-1704)
Mind is Machine - Argued that humans are fully machines,
unlike Rene’s dualistic view.
La Table RassaThat we are born a blank slate that life
makes us who we are.
EmpiricismKnowledge that only comes from a source
acquired by means of experimentations & observations.
James Mill (1773-1836)
MaterialismNotion that we are completely and utterly
physical.
Luigi Galvani (1737-1798)
Argued that we (humans) are partially machines;
“electrochemical”.
Meaning electrical stimulation to the muscle is enough to make
it contract in order to produce animation.
The ability to make a dead object move because of
“electrochemical” meaning being able to take advantage of
chemical reactions through introduction of electrical energy.
Johannes Muller (1801-1858)
Had access to human bodies.
Discovered that the human bodies are made up of wires called
“Neural Circuits”.
o Doctrine of Specific Nerve Energies=> human body in
machine terms.
Pierre Florens (1774-1867)
Started a study called “Ablation Studies” which was to take
the body of an animal; do a bunch of tests. And then, using
surgery to destroy certain parts of it’s brain.
After the damaging the brain, Pierre allowed the animal to
recover and then restart the process by doing a bunch of tests
on it again.
o Human body is a lot like a machine.
Paul Broca (1824-1880)
Visited hospitals occasionally and noticed that many of the
patients had the same symptom with respect to a characteristic
that makes us human: the “Language”.
Questioned all the patients in a hospital if he (Paul) could break
open each and every one of the patients’ brains when they die.
o “Production of Language”.
To conclude Do we have souls?
According to scientists and philosophical thinkers; we, as
humans consists of a lot of material and that part should
behave according to natural laws.
Why Germany?
Pre-World War 1 Germany.
Very strong economical country.

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
LEC123 What is Psychology Study of the human mindStudy of consciousness and unconsciousnessHuman BehaviorHistory of Psychology 1800sImportance of Souls To pursue something scientifically one must understand the behavior of a thing which conforms to some sort of natural laws to predict future behaviorHumans are controlled by a soul meaning they are responsible for their actionsSouls are spiritual entities which do not conform to natural laws2 kinds of viewsAnimism ANYTHING in the world being able to have a soul and desires Battery Laptop Animals Humans etcEven the Weather is described to have a soul You must respect the feelings of the cloud in order for rain if a drought occurs near a farm etcMagic IntelligenceSoul is the sameThe reason why we all think we have souls are the reasons why we think we are mystical and spiritual is because we dont understand how we can do the things we doRene Descartes 15961650 Cartesian DualismMachine controlled by a soulArgued that animals have no souls and that humans are dualistic creatures being able to have a machine part like the animals Meaning a part of us is just like the animals but we also have a soul that can control the machinery that is the only difference between humans and animalsDuring the inventions of the pressure plates and hydraulics Rene stepped on a pressure plate as he was approaching the statue of Diana causing water to flow through from behind the statue Since there was another statue blocking the way of the hydraulic the force of the water pushed the statue on to Renes path shocking him o Nonliving objects have a soulJohn Locke 16321704 Mind is MachineArgued that humans are fully machines unlike Renes dualistic viewLa Table RassaThat we are born a blank slate that life makes us who we areEmpiricismKnowledge that only comes from a source acquired by means of experimentationsobservations James Mill 17731836 MaterialismNotion that we are completely and utterly physicalLuigi Galvani 17371798 Argued that we humans are partially machines electrochemicalMeaning electrical stimulation to the muscle is enough to make it contract in order to produce animation The ability to make a dead object move because of electrochemical meaning being able to take advantage of chemical reactions through introduction of electrical energyJohannes Muller 18011858 Had access to human bodiesDiscovered that the human bodies are made up of wires called Neural Circuits o Doctrine of Specific Nerve Energieshuman body in machine terms Pierre Florens 17741867 Started a study called Ablation Studies which was to take the body of an animal do a bunch of tests And then using surgery to destroy certain parts of its brain After the damaging the brain Pierre allowed the animal to recover and then restart the process by doing a bunch of tests on it again o Human body is a lot like a machine Paul Broca 18241880 Visited hospitals occasionally and noticed that many of the patients had the same symptom with respect to a characteristic that makes us human the LanguageQuestioned all the patients in a hospital if he Paul could break open each and every one of the patients brains when they die oProduction of Language To conclude Do we have souls According to scientists and philosophical thinkers we as humans consists of a lot of material and that part should behave according to natural lawsWhy Germany PreWorld War 1 GermanyVery strong economical country
More Less
Unlock Document


Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit